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What Every Christian Needs to Know About the Qur'an [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

James R White
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  • Taschenbuch: 311 Seiten
  • Verlag: Baker Book House (21. Juni 2013)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0764209760
  • ISBN-13: 978-0764209765
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 21,3 x 14 x 2 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 160.281 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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5.0 von 5 Sternen Gutes Niveau 7. April 2014
Von Gerd
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Für jeden Christen zu empfehlen, der mehr über den Quran, den Glauben der Muslime erfahren möchte. Der Author zeigt auf und das auf sehr hohem Niveau, jedoch recht einfach zu lesen, dass Muslime oder besonders der Author des Korans nicht wirklich über den Christlichen Glauben bescheid wusste. U.a Kapitel wie Muhammad in der Bibel, Überlieferung des Korans, Trinität, etc.. einfach ein klasse Werk und das nicht nur für Christen. Muslime sollten ebenso einen Blick hineinwerfen.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Truly a "Game-Changer" 27. April 2013
Von Fisher - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
I have been involved in Christian-Muslim dialogue and debate for about four years at this point. I've heard a lot debates, read a lot of books, listened to a lot of speakers and engaged in a lot of firsthand conversations with Muslims about the issues that divide us, and what the truth really is. The quest for truth leads us to listen ever more closely to what the other side has to say, try to read their literature, understand their language and get into their mindset to see what they really think and how to formulate a proper response to them.

With that regard, I think Dr. James White has exemplified how Christians should speak to Muslims in accordance with their respective worldviews. What Every Christian Needs to Know About the Qur'an is not just another in a long line of polemical works designed to aid Christian evangelists and missionaries in reaching out to Muslims. Granted, it is that, but at the same time, it is so much more than that. This new book lays out many of the pertinent issues concerning the Qur'an. White has gone out of his way in learning Arabic, studying secondary Islamic sources such as the ahadith and tafaasir (if you don't know what those words mean, don't worry, the book comes with a glossary), and listening to lectures by Islamic scholars in order to figure out how Muslims regard their own holy text, as well as how they interact with the Christian Bible. White expands upon many of the arguments that Muslims and Christians have long thrown at each other in their polemic discussions from as far back as the earliest encounters between the two faiths. In addition, he also utilizes new information, based on academic works that have come out in the past few years, in order to update our knowledge of Islam, and bring new arguments and evidence onto the table.

The first couple of chapters of the book provide the basic background information necessary to understand the Qur'an. White begins in chapter 1 by tracing the early years of Islam, during the lifetime of its founder, Muhammad. He takes it for granted that Muhammad is a real historical figure, and that much of what is contained in the Islamic tradition regarding him is reliable, although he does note in passing the publication of recent works that challenge that consensus (pg. 20). A lot of the material is based on direct quotations from sira (biographical) literature, and White does note varying accounts of the same anecdotes as found in different sources (such as the contradictory accounts of the reasons behind Muhammad's death in pp. 46-47).

This is followed by a discussion of the Islamic view of the Qur'an in chapter 2, which goes into how the book is arranged, as well as the theology behind its origins. The main thing to be noted from this section is how the Qur'an is considered the direct speech of God as dictated from an eternally pre-existent heavenly tablet to Muhammad, who acts merely as a passive recipient and reciter of the revelation. This is in stark contrast from the Christian view of revelation where multiple authors write the various books of the Bible under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Granted, this view of the Qur'an is not universally held by all Muslims, but it is the orthodox viewpoint in Sunni Islam, which cannot be challenged without grave consequences.

The rest of chapters go into the various topics that frequently come up in Christian-Muslim dialogues. White goes into the Islamic doctrine of God, discussing the Qur'anic view of God's oneness (tawheed) in chapter 3, and how the Qur'an accuses of Christians of shirk (idolatry) for their belief in the Trinity. Critically important to this discussion is chapter 4, where White goes through the relevant Qur'anic texts, and shows that its author did not understand the Christian doctrine of God, and frequently misrepresents it (a stunning thing if this was, in fact, the direct speech of God as opposed to the fallible ideas of Muhammad).

Chapter 5 goes into the Qur'anic references to Jesus, where White shows that the Qur'anic person of Isa ibn Maryam is completely different from the Jesus of the New Testament, such that we could only conclude that the former is not a real person, but an argument. As White notes, none of Jesus' statements in the Qur'an (with one exception) have any identifiable historical context, rendering them completely divorced from reality (p. 107). This discussion is continued in chapter 6, which discusses the Islamic denial of the crucifixion, a denial that is based on a single verse (Surah 4:157), which is far from clear in its context, contradicts other verses in the Qur'an, has no unanimous interpretation among Muslim exegetes, and contradicts everything that we know from both Christian and non-Christian historical sources regarding Jesus' death. The Islamic viewpoint at this point is essentially reduced to fideism, as all the contemporary accounts are nullified by a source coming six centuries later that claims that these eyewitnesses were in fact deceived by Allah into thinking that Jesus died (which has some very troubling implications for the nature of God in Islam that we do not have time to get into here).

Chapter 7 is also important to consider for those who want to discuss the Gospel with Muslims. White talks about the Islamic view of salvation. While Islam stresses the mercy of God, White notes in this chapter how Islam fails to harmonize God's mercy with God's justice, leaving the conflict between the two attributes hanging in mid-air. This is, of course, contrasted with the Christian perspective, where these attributes are magnificently brought together at the cross of Christ. These differences (along with the aforementioned denial of the crucifixion and atonement) must always be kept at the forefront when discussing the differences in viewpoint on salvation, in order to clear up the barriers of communication that presently exist between the two faiths.

Chapter 8 is, I would argue, the most significant chapter in the entire book from an apologetic perspective. Christians must note that every appeal to the Bible is quickly short-circuited by the fact that Muslims regard the Bible as having been corrupted. This is an accusation that, funny enough, is nowhere to be found in the Qur'an. On the contrary, the Qur'an and the earliest Muslim commentators on it took it for granted that the text of the Bible, while misunderstood and neglected, had not been altered textually. The viewpoint that the text of the Bible had been corrupted wholesale came somewhat later, became popular through the polemics of Ibn Hazm during the tenth century, and is now standard fare in almost all Muslim polemics against Christianity, even though some Muslim scholars to this day (such as Mahmoud Ayoub) challenge this and assert that the Qur'an merely accuses the Jews and Christians of misinterpreting the text, not corrupting it. White here makes copious use of the research put forward by Gordon Nickel, whose recent book is perhaps the most scholarly and comprehensive work out on this topic to date (see below). Once the integrity of the Biblical text can be established, there is not much left standing in the way towards vindicating every other doctrine of the Christian faith over against the Islamic claims to the contrary.

Chapter 9 discusses the Islamic claim that Muhammad is found in the Bible. This claim comes to many Christians as a surprise, yet Muslims the world over take it for granted that the Bible contains references to Muhammad, whether they've actually read the Bible or not. The common texts put forward by polemicists such as Ahmed Deedat are examined and shown to be quite contrary to the Islamic claims, as they cannot be utilized in support of Islam without completely mangling them out of their context. The Qur'an's claim that Muhammad in the Bible is shown to be one of the most blatant errors found in its text, and is stands as a witness to its fallibility.

The last two chapters deal with the common claims Muslims make about the Qur'an's perfection. Chapter 10 talks about the parallel texts found within the Qur'an, showing that they are consistent with a human author reciting to different audiences, but are inconsistent with a divine recitation coming from an eternally pre-existent heavenly tablet. There are also clear parallels between it and apocryphal texts such as the Infancy Gospel of Thomas, as well as Jewish sources such as the Babylonian Talmud. White shows that the author of Qur'an clearly did not know the difference between the biblical stories and later post-biblical legends. Finally, chapter 11 talks about textual variants in the Qur'an, showing how Islamic tradition itself testifies against the claim of a uniform Qur'anic text, and makes use of the most recent published works on Qur'anic textual criticism such as Stephen Powers and Keith Smalls on Qur'anic textual criticism (again, see below) to finally put this claim to rest.

One note I should make note of about this book is that while it is detailed, it is not exhaustive. The book's title is What Every Christian NEEDS to Know About the Qur'an, meaning that there are many other issues that, while germane to the discussion of Islam, are not essential to know. For example, White stays out of the contemporary political debates. Although brief references to the dhimma system are made (such as in p. 120), he largely avoids the question of whether or not Islam is a peaceful and tolerant religion. This is for the better, not only because there are already a flood of books on this topic out in the market, but also because discussing it does little to advance the cause of Christian-Muslim theological debate. There are many other topics that he could have discussed, but chose only to mention in passing, if at all. No mention is made, for example, of Islam's substandard view of women , or of the troubling implications of the doctrine of taqiyyah and the view that Allah is the "Greatest of Deceivers" (Khair-ul-Makireen). White had an opportunity to discuss this doctrine when he touched upon Surah 3:54, but instead chose to pass over it and move on (pp. 114-115). While I'm not faulting him for this, per se, I do think it is pertinent to take the doctrine of taqiyyah into account when discussing the tactics of Muslim missionaries, both here in the west and around the world.

Another thing that I should note about this book is that it is not the kind of book one would read casually if one does not already have some prior experience in dealing with Muslims. In fact, if you are learning about Islam for the first time, I would suggest reading a shorter book first (such as Mateen Elass's Understanding the Qur'an: A Quick Christian Guide to the Muslim Holy Book) before diving into this one. While the first couple of chapters begin smoothly enough, the learning curve tends to become a bit steeper from chapter 3 onwards, as White uses a lot of his academic tools in analyzing the Qur'anic texts, quoting from many secondary Islamic sources, exegetic the Arabic text and applying a classic Van Tillian presuppositional methodology in internally critiquing the Islamic perspective. For those who do not already have a basic grasp of Islamic terminology, expect to turn the page towards the glossary at the back quite often.

For those who are in the front lines of Christian-Muslim dialogue and debate, however, this book is an extremely valuable resource. This is where White's scholarship shines the brightest. Dividing Line junkies such as myself are aware of Dr. White's "reading habits" (for the uninitiated, Dr. White is a bicyclist who listens to audio books during his morning exercises), and we see the result of that in this book. The endnotes are especially valuable for the academically-inclined, as there are copious references that one could follow to obtain more information there. Other than the references to the primary hadith collections such as Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, White quotes some very important scholarly works, such as the recently published book by Dr. Gordon Nickel, entitled, Narratives of Tampering in the Earliest Commentaries on the Qur'an, as well as Keith E. Small's Textual Criticism and Qur'an Manuscripts. These are the types of works which Christians need to utilize in future discussions with Muslims, and by presenting the materials in a more accessible format, White makes it easier to bring these evidences to a popular level.

In his endorsement of Dr. White's book, pastor Thabiti Anyabwile calls What Every Christian Needs to Know About the Qur'an "a game-changer for Muslim-Christian dialogues about the Qur'an, the Bible and our claims to truth." I am inclined to agree with pastor Anywabwile on this. This book is a necessary part of every Christian evangelist and apologist's library, especially given the accelerating efforts by Muslims to propagate Islam in the west through da'wah. I also highly recommend this to every Muslim, as White shows how a Christian, armed with all the tools and knowledge that a religious scholar may have on the two faiths, can provide a fair yet compelling critique of the Islamic worldview.

(Originally posted on The Aristophrenium - wp.me/p2v2jM-1a3)
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5.0 von 5 Sternen A Review 25. April 2013
Von James - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
It's been 10 days since the terrorist bombing in Boston Massachusetts and as many people know, the two men who perpetrated this crime are Muslims and for a lot of people just simply being a Muslim means you're a terrorist.

We have flashbacks to 911 and other terrorist attacks preformed by Islamic fundamentalists but most Christians know little to nothing about Islam or the Qur'an. Many of us get our information on this subject from the news media which isn't a very reliable source of accurate information.

So what are Christians to do? Well, there have been a few good books and resources for Christians but they've been few and far between, at least that's been my experience, but James White has recently written a book that will certainly help in our understanding Islam.

His new book is called "What Every Christian Needs To Know About The Qur'an" and is a scholarly, well balanced and truthful look at Muhammad, the Qur'an, and some of the important issues related to the Christian. The book is well organized and well written. There are tones of end notes which make it a treasure chest for deeper study. It even has a small glossary in the back along with a wonderful bibliography.

It should be noted this book isn't intended to discuss everything you could ever want to know about the Qur'an as Mr. White clearly states "It is not my intention to write an exhaustive compendium of Qur'anic knowledge. Almost no one could, and certainly I could not, even if I wished to do so. My aims are far more focused and modest." His aim is to deal with the major issues that relate to the Christian.

Let me say plainly, the title is "What Every Christian Needs To Know About The Qur'an" not "An Idiots Guide To The Qur'an". I read one review of the book that complained that it was "...so academic that it would be difficult for "every Christian" to follow." Please understand this is information we NEED to know not some simplistic book on how to talk to a Muslim friend over a cup of coffee. We need to be called to a higher level as Christians not to a dumbing down. You can read this book! It's not necessarily an easy read but you can read it.

Let me mention two things that I learned from this book (there were many).

. 1) That the Qur'an is not the only authoritative source for the Muslim and that the Qur'an is not really a parallel to the Bible.

"...in the Christian mind it would be a mistake to make a direct connection to the role of the Bible, for the true parallel between the Qur'an and Christianity is to be found in Jesus Himself, the Word of God. As we will see, Muslims view the mechanism of `inspiration' very differently and have another source of authority (hadith) that, at least in function, more closely parallels the Bible than does the Qur'an." (Page 13)

2) The importance of and understanding of Tawhid. What is Tawhid and how does that idea govern the Muslim and why is that important to the Christian?

"Ask any sincere follower what defines Islam, and they will answer quickly. Tawhid, the glorious monotheistic truth, the heart of Islamic faith, is to the Muslim what the Trinity is to the Christian: the touchstone, the nonnegotiable, the definitional." (Page 59)

In light of the times we live in I think this is a must read for every Christian. Again it's not simplistic and it might take some time to read through it but you will be much better equipped to talk with Muslims and understand more accurately what the key issues that separate us are.

I highly recommend this book to all Christians and especially those who are preachers and teachers
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Read this if you want a deeper understanding of something you may not understand very well. 23. Dezember 2013
Von Wanderer977 - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
As someone who is familiar with both Christianity and Islam, I found Dr. White's book to be a very good read. As an Arab I was a little skeptical of whether or not the author could really relate to not only the doctrine of Islam and the words of the Quran, but the existential feeling of being a Muslim and somehow filter that through a Christian worldview. It was obvious to me that the author had done his homework and that this subject was important to him. With so much pseudo-intelligence regarding what Islam and the Quran state and believe so readily available, it is my hope that we get more books like this and that Mr. White continues writing on this topic.
The only caveat is that this book is pretty involved. I find that many want sort of a crib notes on the Quran. This is not that. This is a work for those who have a serious desire to dig into the Quran.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Best book on Islam and the Qur'an! 17. April 2013
Von Roger Leonhardt - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
James White is best known for his debates. I first heard of him when reading up on the King James Only debates. After that I was hooked. He has penned some great books concerning subjects like Calvinism, Roman Catholicism, and Homosexuality.

People may disagree with him but they could never say he does not know his stuff. This book is no exception. He has been debating Islam for years now. He was talking about it even before Christians knew it would be a factor.

I knew a little about Islam before, but only bits and pieces. White explains in the introduction:

"The reality is that there are areas--one being Islam in general and the Qur'an in particular--in which the literature is so vast, and the terminology gap so large, that the resultant task is, or at least seems, too daunting for even the most committed believer."

White takes these vast resources and summarizes them for our benefit. Islam is growing faster than we could ever imagine. You would think after what happen on 9-11 that people would shun a religion that believes people should convert or die. But we live in a world where people would rather embrace a lie than to believe the truth.

White's book is very understandable. He starts with a short biography of Mohamed then moves on to exegete the Qur'an itself. He shows the differences in Islam and Christianity. He exposed Islam for the false religion it is.

I really liked this book. I highly recommend it and give it 5 out of 5 stars.

I received this book free of charge from Bethany House Publishers and NetGalley in exchange for an honest review.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Excellent! 19. Dezember 2013
Von SLIMJIM - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
One of the best Christian introductory work to Islam that I read and much more academically rigorous than most. For those familiar with the author James White, he is a Christian apologist who has debated and written on many issues over the past decades. Since the mid-2000s, James White started focusing a lot on Islam, beginning with his debut debate with the foremost Islamic apologist Shabir Ally in 2006 at BIOLA university. White was led to specialize in Islam largely because of his love for the persecuted Church today, many of whom live in Islamic land. The thing that stood out to me in this work is White's familiarity with Arabic and careful interaction with the primary sources. It's not just the Qur'an but he is able to engage in "Hadith Science." He does all this while also balancing his work with an awareness of the need of his readers to have explained to them definitions and concepts in Islamic theology. In my estimation, the best part of the book were chapters 4, 8, 9 and 11. I have been hesitant in the past when I hear Christian apologist say that the Qur'an and the early Islamic community has a misunderstanding of the Trinity (to include Mary in place of the Holy Spirit) but James White has done a masterful job of showing from early Islamic sources that this was what they believed in chapter four of the book. In chapter eight James White shows how the Qur'an and the early Muslim community did not believe that the Bible was corrupted textually but instead they presupposes otherwise. If you only have one work on Islam in your bookshelf, I would say this would be it. I have this on my shelf with all the highlights and notes for future references.
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