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Environmental Monitoring with Arduino: Building Simple Devices to Collect Data About the World Around Us
 
 

Environmental Monitoring with Arduino: Building Simple Devices to Collect Data About the World Around Us [Kindle Edition]

Emily Gertz , Patrick Di Justo
2.5 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)

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Produktbeschreibungen

Kurzbeschreibung

After the devastating tsunami in 2011, DYIers in Japan built their own devices to detect radiation levels, then posted their finding on the Internet. Right now, thousands of people worldwide are tracking environmental conditions with monitoring devices they’ve built themselves. You can do it too!

This inspiring guide shows you how to use Arduino to create gadgets for measuring noise, weather, electromagnetic interference (EMI), water purity, and more. You’ll also learn how to collect and share your own data, and you can experiment by creating your own variations of the gadgets covered in the book. If you’re new to DIY electronics, the first chapter offers a primer on electronic circuits and Arduino programming.

  • Use a special microphone and amplifier to build a reliable noise monitor
  • Create a gadget to detect energy vampires: devices that use electricity when they’re “off”
  • Examine water purity with a water conductivity device
  • Measure weather basics such as temperature, humidity, and dew point
  • Build your own Geiger counter to gauge background radiation
  • Extend Arduino with an Ethernet shield—and put your data on the Internet
  • Share your weather and radiation data online through Pachube

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Emily Gertz is a correspondent for OnEarth Magazine. She has been covering DIY environmental monitoring since 2004, when she interviewed engineer-artist Natalie Jeremijenko for Worldchanging.com. Her latest, on citizen radiation monitoring in Japan, was published by OnEarth Magazine in April 2011. She has been hands-on with internet technologies since 1994 as a web producer, community host, and content strategist. Her articles have appeared in Grist, Dwell, Scientific American, Popular Mechanics, and more. Patrick Di Justo is a contributing editor at Wired magazine, where he writes the magazine's monthly What's Inside column, and the author of The Science of Battlestar Galactica (Wiley, October 2010). His work has appeared in Dwell, Scientific American, Popular Science, The New York Times, and more. He has worked as a robot programmer for the Federal Reserve, and knows C, C++, Java, and Processing. He bought his first Arduino in 2007.

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4 von 4 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Umweltprojekte mit dem Arduino 8. März 2012
Von fribbe
Format:Taschenbuch
Das rund 80-seitige Anfang 2012 erschienene Project Book ist sicher kein Muss für den erfahrenen Arduino-Nutzer, schildert aber auf kurze und prägnante Weise einige Einsatzgebiete dieses Mikrokontrollers und regt vielleicht auch zur Entwicklungen eigener Projekte zur Erfassung und Verarbeitung von Umweltdaten an.

Nach - so die Autoren - der weltweit kürzesten Einführung in die Elektronik und einer ebenfalls kurzen Vorstellung des Arduino, der integrierten Entwicklungsumgebung und des obligatorischen "Hello World Sketch" (Blink) folgt im Kapitel 2 das erste von insgesamt 8 kleinen Projekten zur Erfassung und Auswertung von Umweltdaten.

Per Mikrofon werden die Umgebungsgeräusche ausgewertet und der Pegel über einen LED-Bargraph angezeigt. Der Aufbau dieses Kapitels ist charakteristisch: Nach einem Überblick über das Projekt und einigen ergänzenden Bemerkungen folgt die Aufstellung der benötigten Komponenten, der praktische Aufbau, das Programm (Sketch) und abschließend noch einige Anregungen für eigene Entwicklungen.

Im dritten Kapitel geht es um eine serielle 7-Segment-LED-Anzeige. Interessant auch das folgende Projekt, in dem elektromagnetische Strahlung hörbar gemacht wird.

Die elektrische Leitfähigkeit und somit auch indirekt die Reinheit von Wasser steht im Mittelpunkt des 5. Kapitels.

Die Vorstellung des Arduino-Ethernet Shields ist kurz, regt aber sicher zu eigenen Experimenten an. Die Grundeinrichtung der Ethernetverbindung und der Nutzung der SD-Karte sind gut beschrieben. Ist eben eine Einführung.
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1 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
1.0 von 5 Sternen Kann ich nicht empfehlen 27. November 2012
Von Leopold Linhart TOP 1000 REZENSENT
Format:Kindle Edition|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
Das Buch beginnt mit haarsträubenden Erklärungen, wie "An electronic circuit is, as the term implies, electricity moving in a path very much like a circle." Das ist meine Schreibtischlampe auch :-) Auf p.8 erfährt man immerhin, was ein Draht ist.

Die vorgestellten "environmental monitoring"-Projekte sind: Lärmdetektor, Elektrosmog-Detektor, Leitfähigkeitsmessung von Wasser, Feuchtigkeits-/Tepmeratur-/Taupunktmessung, und ein Geigerzähler.

Nicht umsonst heißt es in dem Buch immer wieder "Make the Gadget": Die vorgestellten Projekte sind m.E. nicht geeignet, quantitativ (und oft nichtmal qualitativ) für "environmental monitoring" verwendbare Daten zu erhalten. Vielmehr geht es m.E. um den Bastelspass, einen Sensor anzuschließen, und sich an Leuchtdioden oder Lautsprechergeräuschen zu erfreuen. Da muss ich leider für meine Ansprüche sagen: Thema verfehlt. Was hat das z.B. mit "environmental monitoring" zu tun, wenn ich ein Mikrophon und ein paar Leuchtdioden anschließe, und mich daran ergötze, dass mehr davon leuchten, wenn ich lauter schreie?

Unter "environmental monitoring" hätte ich mir z.B. erwartet: In meinem Haus ist für längere Zeit eine lärmende Baustelle. Der Vermieter wird einer Mietzinsreduktion zustimmen müssen. Mit meinen selbstgebastelten Leuchtdioden mache ich mich dabei zum Kasper.

Ein erheblicher Teil des Buches befasst sich mit Dingen, die man in so einem Buch nicht vermuten würde: Programmieren des Arduino (mit dem ubiquitären Blink-Sketch), Ethernet-Anbindung, oder dem Ansteuern von 7-Segment-Displays. Dafür ist ein Kindle-Book nicht das geeignete Medium, die Themen sind viel zu komplex. Soll ich z.B. die Sketches abschreiben?
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Amazon.com: 3.7 von 5 Sternen  21 Rezensionen
22 von 23 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
2.0 von 5 Sternen It works, but there are better alternatives 22. April 2012
Von SC Toy Hobbyist - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
I am an electronics hobbyist and have been one for years. Bought this book with the hopes of teaching some basic uses of Arduino to some high school students. I was totally disappointed. There's very little to recommend this book other than it has a cool title. If the book hadn't been so inexpensive to begin with, I'd have asked for my money back. Here are my main objections.

1. There are no projects here that have a "gee whiz" factor. The first few chapters don't cover any more than any book about Arduino would.
2. The title is somewhat misleading. It's not really about "environmental monitoring." Yes, there is a chapter on how to hook up a temperature/humidity probe, and one chapter on hooking up a Geiger counter to the Arduino. The other chapters are on how to hook up an ethernet shield, how to measure conductivity in water (stick two wires in it), and how to measure sound (use a microphone).
3. The projects do not appear to have been designed by people who do electronics or Arduino on a regular basis. There's a chapter on using a "4 character LED display" and then it's never used again. Worse yet, WHO would use a 4 character LED display when a 16 character 2 row LCD display can be purchased for the same price and provide a very nice display? It's no more complicated than the LED display they advocate and has much more functionality.
4. There's no explanation on why ANY of the circuits work. It's basically a cookbook that says "hook up these wires, download this code, and run it." So do not expect to understand why the circuits work or why the program is written the way it is.
5. I would find it hard to get anyone excited about these projects. It's a great idea to have such a book, but they needed to have authors who would know what to do with it.

I had hoped for a lot more since this book comes from Maker Press, which is a big supporter of Arduino. However, there's nothing in this book that couldn't be learned from instructables.com and would probably be better explained there. Don't waste your money. There are a lot of books being published right now to capitalize on the Arduino, and some of them just aren't up to the task. A good book should be understandable for a newbie and exciting enough for the hobbyist. This book is neither.
19 von 20 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Concise, sophisticated, yet a good starting point for newbies 2. Februar 2012
Von Mark Colan - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition
This is a sophisticated and intelligent book describing interesting projects in a way that even newcomers to Arduino, electronics, and programming should be able to create and get running without problems.

PROS
No need to have a lot of skill with electronics - the book uses prebuilt modules
No need to know programming - the book provides working code
Up to date - written to use the recent Arduino 1.0 update

CONS
None that I have found

"Environmental Monitoring with Arduino" explains how to use the Arduino to detect or monitor various physical conditions in the environment around you. It is an inexpensive, short, focused, project-oriented book that has a variety of interesting projects, some of which you may find useful as a permanent device. Unlike a certain project-oriented book I reviewed recently, there is no fluff.

Some aspects are explained in a modular approach, allowing you to use ideas from the book for other projects you think of, but obviously it does not have as many "recipes" as a book like Arduino Cookbook, Second Edition.

I think this book is reasonably well suited to someone with little or now experience with Arduino, programming, or electronics. It builds up the reader's understanding of various components, starting very simply and moving to an implementation of radition monitoring and sharing data on the Internet (all with Arduino) that was inspired by the work of individuals in Japan after the 2011 earthquake and resulting nuclear power plant problems.

CONTENTS
1. The World's Shortest Electronics Primer
2. Project: Noise Monitor / LED Bar Output
3. New Component: 4Char Display
4. Detecting Electromagnetic Interference (and making bad music)
5. Project: Water Conductivity / Numerical Output
6. New Component: Ethernet Shield
7. Project: Humidity, Temperature, and Dew Point / 4Char
8. Real-Time, Geo-Tagged Data Sharing with Pachube
9. Project: Radiation Counter / Sharing Data on the Internet
10. Casing the Gadget

The book starts with a really short primer on electronics. You don't need much - most of the work will be done using inexpensive pre-built modules, and what you will be doing is mainly plugging a couple of components together, and the book tells you exactly how to do this. The down side is that for people who might prefer to make some pieces from scratch - say, the 4-digit display made of 7-segment LED displays used in Chapter 3. But this isn't a problem either: in most cases, the maker of the assembled device offers a schematic online if you want to build it yourself.

It does NOT have a similar primer on programming, however all source code is provided to make the projects work. To modify from the original design, you may need to learn some programming, but there are plenty of other books and Web pages out there to help.

Each of the other chapters has a similar design. It describes the purpose of the project and a little about the physics that are involved in detecting or measuring environmental conditions. It includes a description and explanation of the components of the project and how they work at a high level. It tells you what parts you need, explains new ones, and provides a wiring diagram usually involving an Arduino, a breadboard, and the various other parts. It shows you the code (but does not explain it). It tells you what you should see when you run it.

You will also find interesting and relevant sidebar discussions, variations in the design, things to try, and helpful notes and warnings.

Reasons to get the electronic version instead of the paper book
1. It's less expensive
2. Instant gratification - get it and read it NOW
3. You can easily carry it anywhere and read it on any device that supports PDF (this is assuming you buy the PDF from O'Reilly's site)
4. You can zoom in on tiny details such as the drawings, which can be difficult to view in the book
5. References in the text to a figure have a hyperlink that brings you to the figure.
6. When you find an interesting reference to a Web resource, just click it and you're there
7. You can copy/paste code from the text into your IDE and run it - or you can download from the indicated link by clicking it
8. Use Acrobat Reader's View>Read Out Loud feature to have the text read to you aloud
27 von 31 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
2.0 von 5 Sternen Low in price - LOW in content. 25. April 2012
Von Gregarious - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition
Ok, so this is a cheap book that I bought as an e-book for just a couple of pounds, so why do I feel that it is still of low value?
Well the fact is that it does not live up to the promise of the title or even the sample pre-view. Just too much sizzle and not enough sausage. Much more can be found for free on the web that is better laid out and far better explained.
This book is a valuable lesson in the ...you-get-what-you-pay-for... school of life.
Most of the project 'construction' involves sticking maybe 4 wires from a commercial sensor into a shield then running the code downloaded from GitHub.
The code is reasonably well commented and available free for anyone to download.
The projects promise far more in their titles and descriptions than they deliver in practice. The EMI monitor for example is a 3ft length of wire and a resistor. Noise pollution monitoring turns out to be a microphone stuck in a breadboard. The most sophisticated project is the Geiger counter which basically involves ..er... buying a Geiger counter and hooking up another couple of wires to an 'opto-coupler' using an LDR from Radio shack. The section on using Pachube is basically: read the instructions at Pachube.
Just the title itself offers more than is found in the actual text.
Maybe the authors could add some more content such as: A human interactivity physical bio-feedback monitor-(a switch) or a wide spectrum human auditory canal tester-(a buzzer)or maybe a UFO detector-(requires UFO for calibration)... and then sell the 'upgraded' version for more.
The end of the book has an offer to pay $4.99 to get the same content again in other DRM free formats such as PDF and EPUB which I doubt anyone will ever take up.
10 von 10 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Splendid idea for a book 14. Februar 2012
Von KD7EIR - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
I have been using Arduino (Mega 2560) for a few months now. I have several books on programming, but this book is the antithesis of programming. That's what makes it so great! This is a book of IDEAS. Practical projects that leave the typical "blink an LED" ideas in the dust.

If you are looking for practical, useful, down to earth projects to do with your Arduino, this book is your destination.

One caveat, though. Figure 1-4 on page 8 shows an LED connected to pin 13 and ground, with no resistor. You should ALWAYS use a resistor between an LED and ground. Your LED's and your Arduino will both thank you, and both will enjoy a longer life.
9 von 11 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
1.0 von 5 Sternen Lots of politics little power 30. August 2012
Von Tony Beers - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
If you want to read a rave about how badly we are doing at protecting the environment and then build a sensor that does not actually measure much of anything that could be useful for solving the problem stated, this is the book for you.

If you are looking to create real world sensors that will economically meet your needs to monitor some environmental phenomenon, I'd go somewhere else.

The book is filled with big claims e.g. noise from ships affecting marine mammals (I don't doubt that it is true) and then describes a very cheesy noise level meter that does not even include a hydrophone. I would have liked less agenda and more engineering/science. If you are going to talk about complex needs you could at least design sensors that will be useful to accurately measure phenomena that are applicable to defining or solving the problem.
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