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English as a Global Language (Canto Classics)
 
 

English as a Global Language (Canto Classics) [Kindle Edition]

David Crystal
4.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (4 Kundenrezensionen)

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

'A masterly synopsis of the spread of English across the world … English as a Global Language arrives as an elegant successor to Robert McCrum's The Story of English, published in 1986. It is at the same time cool and immensely authoritative. Less than half the size, but with scarcely less text than its richly illustrated Rolls-Royce predecessor, it sets a new standard in the popularisation of linguistics.' Sir John Hanson (Director-General of The British, Times Higher Education Supplement

'This little book is a cross between a tourist guide and a no-nonsense school textbook ... Crystal is skilled at assembling scattered yet useful data in a form that seems safe and reliable. He presents enough facts and figures to make readers feel that they are getting good value for their time and money … The book's value is clear. It is a judicious mix of outline facts and good sense about language ... Overall, this commonsensical little book will be a useful tool for spreading the important message that English is not supreme because it is superior … , that English is not declining, and that it would be a tragedy if English alone remained among languages.' Jean Aitchison, Times Educational Supplement

'This is a fascinating and useful book... a fine introduction for a wide variety of potential users.' Choice

'Crystal provides us with an excellent account of the growth of English as the global language.' Good Book Guide

Über das Produkt

This new edition of David Crystal's influential book contains extra sections on subjects including the future of English as a world language, English on the Internet, and the possibility of an English 'family' of languages; footnotes; new tables; and a full bibliography. There are updates throughout.

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4.0 von 5 Sternen
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5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
2.0 von 5 Sternen too blue-eyed 13. Juli 2000
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Crystal's book is the exact counterpart to Phillipson's "Linguistic Imperialism". While the former has been called an "alarmist" (because of his view that English has been used for imperialistic purposes) the latter apparently sees no problem what so ever (and has thus been called "triumphalist"). Crystal seems to suggest that all linguistic cross-cultural problems could be solved if everyone would learn English from an early age onwards. He apparently sees nothing wrong if Asian farmers cannot read the instructions on fertilizer bags because they are in English.
Rather suspiciously, Crystal disregards Phillipson completely in this book. While there are some good arguments against Phillipson, Crystal refuses to enter the debate. More generally, it seems to me that he refuses to deal with the more unpleasant facts of the global spread of English. Better to continue writing about the happy family of English speakers!
The book is thus rather naive in its evaluation of the role, status and attitudes connected with the English language.
For those who would like to read a really damning review I can recommend Phillipson's "Voice in Global English: unheard Chords in Crystal loud and clear." which appeared in Applied Linguistics 20/2: 265-276.
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5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
In seinem neuesten Buch wendet sich der Linguistikpapst David Crystal dem Phänomen Englisch als globale Sprache des 21. Jahrhunderts zu. Zu Ausgang des 20. Jahrhunderts dominiert das Englische nicht nur Handel, Wissenschaft, internationale Zusammenarbeit und Verkehr, vielmehr ist es zum Bestandteil des Alltags eines großen Teils der Menschheit geworden, wie dies bei noch keiner Sprache bisher der Fall war. Zunächst definiert Crystal, was denn eine „globale Sprache" überhaupt ausmacht. Dann begründet er in einem historischen Abriß die Gründe für die gegenwärtige Verbreitung und Macht des Englischen. Schließlich wendet er sich der spekulativ-interessanten Frage zu, wie denn die Zukunft aussieht, etwa, ob wir in nicht allzu ferner Zukunft auch in Deutschland einmal Euro-Englisch sprechen werden. Nicht umsonst ist Crystal einer der am meisten gelesenen Sprachwissenschaftlern. Sein Sprachstil und seine geschickte Wahl interessanter Beispiele machen dieses Buch über Sprache selbst als Strandlektüre geeignet. Jeder, der an Sprachen interessiert ist, sollte dieses Buch lesen, ganz gleich wie sein Standpunkt zur Hegemonie der englischen Sprache ist. (Dies ist eine Amazon.de an der Uni-Studentenrezension.)
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5.0 von 5 Sternen ausgezeichnet 13. Januar 2013
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
Prima Einstieg in das Thema mit sehr vielen Beispielen, auch kritischer Art, was den Gegenstand betrifft. Beispiele über Autoren, die in Englisch für den Weltmarkt schreiben, ohne Muttersprachler zu sein, könnten mehr erwähnt werden.

Anna C. Naumann
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4.0 von 5 Sternen Dem Buch fehlt es an Selbstkritik 16. August 2006
Format:Taschenbuch
Das Buch ist gut geschrieben. Es beschreibt den erfolgreichen Verlauf der englischen Sprache. Allerdings vergisst Crystal zu erwähnen, dass im Namen des britischen Empires viele Menschen getötet wurden, vor allem schwarze Afrikaner, Aborigines, Maori, Inder und Chinesen. Das britische Empire hat an der Versklavung von Millionen von Schwarzen teilgenommen. Und tatsächlich handelt es sich hier auch um Kulturimperialismus. Allerdings halte ich von der Panikmache, dass die ganze Welt von den englischsprachigen Ländern regiert werden könnte, nicht viel. Vor 2.000 Jahren beherrschte Rom die Welt, und jeder lernte römisch. Danach war Latein eine Weltsprache und vor allem die Sprache der Wissenschaft. Das ändert sich nun einmal. Jetzt ist es die englische Sprache, die von vielen Menschen gelernt wird.. Aber auch das kann sich ändern. In 100 Jahren wird vielleicht das Chinesische oder das Arabische Weltsprache sein. Imperien kommen und gehen. Ich glaube auch, dass die englische Sprache der Welt helfen könnte, weltweiten Frieden zu schaffen. Allerdings gibt es auch hier Gegenargumente. Als die USA von England unabhängig werden wollte, gab es Krieg zwischen zwei Nationen, die dieselbe Sprache sprachen. Dieselbe Sprache zu sprechen bedeutet nicht unbedingt, dass sie Frieden schafft. Es bleibt abzuwarten, was mit der englischen Sprache passiert. Jedenfalls profitieren diejenigen unter uns, die englisch sprechen und lesen können von der Gelegenheit, Bücher zu lesen, die es auf deutsch nicht gibt. Und das ist ein großer Vorteil.
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24 von 29 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
3.0 von 5 Sternen There are other sides to this issue 27. Oktober 2005
Von F.R. Norris - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
As I read this book, I had the impression that the author has never tried to use international versions of English for complex tasks like working with foreign business and technical partners. I work for a multinational corporation myself. We are discouraged from taking time to learn foreign languages because we are told that English is the official language of our company. Then we arrive at our overseas branches and discover that our counterparts can say hello, goodbye, and thank you to us, but little more. I think Crystal is overly optimistic about how much English people are really learning overseas.

He also dismisses the cultural chauvinism wrapped up in the belief that English is the perfect global language. Actually, Spanish grammar is much easier to learn, and is much easier for non-native speakers to pronounce.

English *is* an international language, but it is only an effective one in the most basic communication situations. A few years ago author Barbara Wallraff wrote an excellent article in the Atlantic Monthly entitled "What Global Language?" (Nov, 2001) which made the point that while international English may be useful for very simple purposes, more complex communication tasks will require something other than English.

Author Edward Trimnell (Why You Need a Foreign Language and How to Learn One ISBN: 0974833010) rips the international English argument to shreds by pointing out that a.) cooperation between peoples who don't speak English as a native language is increasing; and in these situations, it makes sense to use a language other than English, and b.) the hubbub about international English has made native English-speakers very complacent in recent years--- such that we are now entirely dependent on the language skills of others.

Crystal's book is not without its merits, but it comes across as a sales pitch for international English. There is another side to this argument, and I would recommend reading Wallraff and Trimnell before making up your mind.
47 von 64 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
2.0 von 5 Sternen too blue-eyed 13. Juli 2000
Von "daniel_sp" - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Crystal's book is the exact counterpart to Phillipson's "Linguistic Imperialism". While the former has been called an "alarmist" (because of his view that English has been used for imperialistic purposes) the latter apparently sees no problem what so ever (and has thus been called "triumphalist"). Crystal seems to suggest that all linguistic cross-cultural problems could be solved if everyone would learn English from an early age onwards. He apparently sees nothing wrong if Asian farmers cannot read the instructions on fertilizer bags because they are in English.
Rather suspiciously, Crystal disregards Phillipson completely in this book. While there are some good arguments against Phillipson, Crystal refuses to enter the debate. More generally, it seems to me that he refuses to deal with the more unpleasant facts of the global spread of English. Better to continue writing about the happy family of English speakers!
The book is thus rather naive in its evaluation of the role, status and attitudes connected with the English language.
For those who would like to read a really damning review I can recommend Phillipson's "Voice in Global English: unheard Chords in Crystal loud and clear." which appeared in Applied Linguistics 20/2: 265-276.
7 von 8 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Speakers of the World, Unite! 30. Mai 2007
Von David Ludden - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
In Douglas Adams' Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, space travelers can communicate with beings from other planets by inserting a Babel fish in their ear. The Babel fish takes in what is spoken and modifies the brain activity of the user to effect a translation. Universal translators are standard equipment in science fiction involving space travel, since it is reasonable to assume that extraterrestrials will not speak English or any other earthly language. Indeed, given that there are over six thousand mutually unintelligible languages here on Earth, it seems that the technology is badly needed now. However, by the time the technology is available, there may no longer be any need for it. According to David Crystal in his book, English as a Global Language, everyone on Earth will soon speak English.

Currently English has the status of a lingua franca, a language that is used for international exchanges. Through history, different languages have served as linguae francae on a regional basis. In Europe, Latin served this role across the Roman Empire, and continued in this function for centuries after the fall of Rome because it was the language of the Catholic Church. In China, where dozens of mutually unintelligible dialects are spoken, Mandarin serves as the common language of government and intellectual exchange. And starting in the seventeenth century, French served as the international language of diplomacy until its fairly recent replacement by English.

The status of English as a lingua franca, however, is quickly transforming into that of a global language, one that nearly everyone in the world can speak. This is an unprecedented event, although there has been a trend over history toward linguistic consolidation as a result of political consolidation. The globalization of English was driven by a historical accident, namely that both world powers during the last two centuries spoke English. The language was first spread around the globe in the nineteenth century by the growing British Empire. As British political power waned at the turn of the last century, American influence and prestige was on the ascendancy, further spreading the use of English.

The globalization of English is further driven by the growing global economy. More and more people around the world are getting involved in the global marketplace of goods, jobs and ideas. But to participate in this marketplace, you need to speak English. And if it is not your native language, you need to learn it, or you will be left behind. Although there are more native speakers of Mandarin Chinese than there are of English, there are more people who speak English as a second language than any other language in the world. In fact, there are more people who speak English as a second language than as a first language. Combining first and second language users, we find that English is the world's most widely spoken language. Still, only one in four people know English, clearly indicating that English is not yet a true global language.

Crystal contemplates two possible futures for global English. In his utopia, he sees all people in the world speaking some sort of World Standard Spoken English when communicating internationally and their native language locally and at home. Crystal points out that even native English speakers would in a sense be bilingual because WSSE would be different from their native dialect. This view of universal bilingualism may seem odd to the monolingual Anglophone, but Crystal points out that the majority of the world's population is already at least bilingual. Thus, the multitude of languages in the world would remain vibrant while WSSE would serve as an auxiliary for international communication.

In Crystal's dystopia, on the other hand, he sees all people of the world as Anglophone monolinguals. In his companion book Language Death (2002, Cambridge University Press), he examines how and why languages die and deplores the increasing rate of language extinction. In the current book, he touches on this subject again. Crystal views the loss of linguistic diversity as analogous to the loss of biological diversity, with similar catastrophic consequences for the welfare of humanity. However, Crystal's reasoning is flawed and tainted with gushing romanticism for the polyglot throng.

Crystal's frustration with English's global linguistic dominance would be justified if the language were being pushed upon the world's population by some imperialistic force. But it is not. The globalization of English is a grass-roots movement. People want better lives for themselves and for their children, and they see the way to the good life is through participation in the global marketplace. Thus, they learn English and teach it to their children, often not caring whether the younger generation even learns the language of their ancestors. And they do this in spite of governmental attempts to preserve or resurrect heritage languages.

It is often suggested that a common world language would lead to world peace by reducing misunderstandings and miscommunications, but Crystal rightly points out the fallacy in that way of thinking. Throughout history, bloody wars have been fought by those who speak the same language, as for example the American Civil War, the breakup of Yugoslavia or the unrest in Northern Ireland today. However, there is a sense in which a common world language would increase the chances of world peace, and that is through the global marketplace. As the world becomes more interconnected and interdependent, warfare becomes a less profitable means of resolving political problems.

Crystal hopes for a future in which nation-states conduct their commerce in a common language while maintaining their national languages at home. But there is a bolder, brighter vision of the future--one in which the globe is unified economically, politically and linguistically. As members of a single community, there would be free movement of people, goods and ideas around the globe, facilitated by a single global language. That language would likely be a descendant of English, but with continued admixtures from many other languages.

There is no particular reason why English is better suited than others to serve as a global language, in spite of frequent claims of English linguistic superiority. The language mavens (to use Pinker's term) will often declare English syntax simpler or more logical and its vocabulary richer and more expressive than those of other languages, but neither is true. English is just an ordinary language with no advantage other than that it is the language of the current economic and political superpower in the world.

As the global economy develops, the number of English speakers will continue to increase. The development of some sort of World Standard Spoken English is virtually inevitable. It is also quite likely that the vast majority of the world's languages will die out because their speakers will no longer be interested in using them. Instead, they will be learning the global language so that they can claim their rightful place as citizens of the world.
4 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen The Spread of Global English 4. Juli 2005
Von T. Hooper - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
In this book, David Crystal presents the future of the English language. According to Crystal, non-native speakers of English outnumber native speakers of English, so it could be said that English has become global. Add to this the fact that English has become the de facto language of business, science, technology, and diplomacy, and it becomes apparent that English belongs to the world. Crystal argues that English will become more influenced by non-native speakers in the future, so we will have to rethink the idea of the "native speaker". As a world language, English doesn't belong to the native speakers in countries such as England and America, but to all who speak it. To speak a language gives you the right to use it as you will.

This is a very interesting book on the spread of world English. I really recommend it.
9 von 13 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Concise and well written 14. September 2004
Von Erika Mitchell - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
This book explores the question of how English came to be the premier international language of our time. Crystal begins with various ways of defining "international language", and he explains how English alone among other widely spoken languages meets all criteria. The book includes numerous maps and descriptions documenting the spread of English throughout former British colonies. It is concise and well written.
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