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Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

Michael J. Behe
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Taschenbuch, 13. März 2006 --  

Kurzbeschreibung

13. März 2006
Darwin’s Black Box helped to launch the Intelligent Design movement: the argument that nature exhibits evidence of design, beyond Darwinian randomness. Today, with the movement stronger than ever, Michael J. Behe updates the book with an important new Afterword on the state of the debate.

—Time

Naming Darwin’s Black Box to the National Review’s list of the 100 most important nonfiction works of the twentieth century, George Gilder wrote that it “overthrows Darwin at the end of the twentieth century in the same way that quantum theory overthrew Newton at the beginning.” Discussing the book in The New Yorker in May 2005, H. Allen Orr said of Behe, “he is the most prominent of the small circle of scientists working on intelligent design, and his arguments are by far the best known.” From one end of the spectrum to the other, Darwin’s Black Box has established itself as the key text in the Intelligent Design movement—the one argument that must be addressed in order to determine whether Darwinian evolution is sufficient to explain life as we know it, or not.

For this edition, Behe has written a major new Afterword tracing the state of the debate in the decade since it began. It is his first major new statement on the subject and will be welcomed by the thousands who wish to continue this intense debate.

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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 352 Seiten
  • Verlag: Free Press; Auflage: Anniversary. (13. März 2006)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0743290313
  • ISBN-13: 978-0743290319
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 21,5 x 14 x 2,1 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 421.879 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"A persuasive book. It will speak to the layman and perhaps even to professional evolutionists as well, if they are able to suspend for a little while their own judgment about origins, the ultimate black box." -- The Washington Times

"An argument of great originality, elegance, and intellectual power. . . . No one can propose to defend Darwin without meeting the challenges set out in this superbly written and compelling book." -- David Berlinski, author of A Tour of the Calculus

"Overthrows Darwin at the end of the twentieth century in the same way that quantum theory overthrew Newton at the beginning." -- George Gilder in National Review

"[Behe] is the most prominent of the small circle of scientists working on intelligent design, and his arguments are by far the best known." -- H. Allen Orr in The New Yorker

"When examined with the powerful tools of modern biology, but not with its modern prejudices, life on a biochemical level can be a product, Behe says, only of intelligent design. Coming from a practicing biologist. . . this proposition is close to heretical." -- The New York Times Book Review

Synopsis

Ten years ago, "Darwin's Black Box" launched the Intelligent Design movement: the argument that nature exhibits evidence of design, beyond Darwinian randomness. Today, the movement is stronger than ever, and the book is a classic and an international bestseller. At last, Michael Behe has updated the book with a major new afterword on the state of the debate. The Intelligent Design movement was born when a handful of scientists realized that nature exhibits characteristics that could not have evolved by random mutation. Prominent among them was Michael Behe, a microbiologist working in a field that Darwin could not even have imagined existing. Microbiology has discovered staggering complexity at the cellular level of life and during his research Behe made a stunning discovery: some parts of life are irreducibly complex. They cannot function without all of their parts. Yet, step-by-step genetic mutations would never produce all of those parts together at once. Some parts of the biological world must have been designed.

From one end of the spectrum to the other, "Darwin's Black Box" has established itself as the key text in the intelligent design movement, the one argument that must be addressed in order to determine whether Darwinian evolution is sufficient to explain life as we know it, or not.


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5.0 von 5 Sternen Intelligence is more reliable than accident 17. August 2008
Format:Taschenbuch
Behe cleans up with the idea that the Creator God or the Intelligent Designer is a stopgap for the lack of explanation potency. The representatives of a belief in a Creator are often ridiculed for their assumption that they can fill their explanation gap not scientifically, but only with the idea of a Creator. Therefore, since they are not scientific, they cannot be taken serious. Intelligent Design is nothing but a stopgap, they say. Is this true?
Hardly, because they who support "Intelligent Design" or "Creation" do not have the argument of creation from lack of the needed knowledge. Instead they have their argument from a specific knowledge which is the knowledge about intelligent existence. How? Humans are of an intelligent existence which canot be denied. Humans, who are intelligent beings, plan and create. We know this, so the argument of creation by intelligence is an argument of knowledge, of experience, whereas evolution has no experience on its side. Evolution is the unproved assumption.
But many scientists say that there is no place within science for creation ideas. Creation is for them a constructed argument, based on lack of knowledge. Since science does not yet know how biology really came into being with al its complex systems, they even do not know how natural processes started - evolutionists having nothing more than only theories - it is plain, these Intelligent Design proponents say that a creator or Intelligent design must fill the gap- this is plain for those who want to believe this.
But those who believe this ,and Behe seems to belong to them, make clear that their decision to belief is based on the knowledge that all we know for sure is that intelligence can be made responsible for intelligently constructed entities.
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Amazon.com: 3.5 von 5 Sternen  117 Rezensionen
42 von 53 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen 643 Customer reviews? 25. März 2012
Von Ferro - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Judging by the emotive responses, there are few people able to view this topic objectively or dispassionately.

This book is an interesting journey through microbiology that was unimaginable only a few short decades ago. Behe's arguments are easy to understand. He has already made his point by the end of chapter two: the rest of the book is almost overkill. Evolutionists claim that "most of his arguments have been debunked" but I have seen little evidence of this.
24 von 34 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Enlightenment... or Not? 23. Mai 2007
Von S. Cooney - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
I picked this book up several years ago after reading an essay entitled "The Deniable Darwin" by David Berlinski. I thought the book was excellent and recommend it to those seeking to explore the "Evolution vs. Intelligent Design" debate.

Consider those who claim to have debunked this book carefully. The so-called "debunking" of the irreduceable complexity of the bacterial flagellum and the blood-clotting cascade are out there online for anyone who knows how to use a search engine. Check it out. Behe has responded online to his critics as well. Judge for yourself who fares better.

Many of Behe's critics here point to the Dover school board decision as settling the issue once and for all. But science doesn't work that way. Yesterday's heretic is today's hero.

Behe's argument that irreduceable complexity at the cellular level can't be explained by Darwinist principles is a powerful one. He's the barbarian at the gate. Don't take my word for it - listen to the shrill tone of the critics here. They take this book personally - I mean they really hate it. When they defend their theory by personally attacking its critic as they've done here, one has to wonder "What's up"?

What's fascinating is that the critics of Behe's book dismiss him and all of his supporters as religious fanatics. They snort and say "It's not science"... Again, judge for yourselves. This book is what it says it is, a challenge to evolution. So far, they haven't really answered it, although they say they have.

So-called microevolution is not disputed by anyone. Macroevolution is another matter entirely. There is no theory (except for Gould's punctuated equilibrium) that adequately addresses the fossil record. And if evolution is gradual (as it must be), what to say about the so-called Cambrian Explosion, 510 million years ago, when most if not all the major phyla (types of life) came into being in just a few million years? That means every major type of specialized cell for all the different types of life on earth- they all came into existence within an extremely short period, geologically speaking. There's really no explanation for it. Prior to Behe's book, the problem of the fossil record and the Cambrian Explosion were two of the biggest challenges to evolution. Now we add irreduceable complexity.

A hundred years ago the physicists who proposed and supported the "Big Bang" theory to explain their observations of the night skies were mocked, ostracized from their faculties, etc... for being "Creationists" and "Christians" in supporting such a Creationist-friendly idea. Today the Big Bang is taken as fact, with little or no attention paid to the religious element - it's science, plain and simple.

Two of Darwinism's biggest supporters (Dennett and Dawkins) have just published books arguing that religion and God are of no use - delusions that have run their course. Dawkins even made a film about it. It's truly a passion with him - "curing" people of the God Delusion (the title of his book).

Is that a type of science? Is Dawkins's premise (there is no God) falsifiable? Hint: it's impossible to prove a negative. Dawkins's unshakeable convictions approach that of an Evangelical Christian, his "faith" in atheism is truly absolute. As is the faith of the other atheists posting reviews of this book.

In and of itself that's not a problem. But when they support evolution by addressing its critics with ad hominem personal attacks, evolution can't help but take on the cloak of an "anti-religion", and these fundamentalist atheists have not done the science underlying this controversy any favors at all.

And they actually wonder why 70% of the population doesn't believe in evolution.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen THE MOST COMPELLING RECENT SCIENTIFIC CRITIQUE OF DARWINIAN EVOLUTION 8. Mai 2013
Von Steven H. Propp - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Behe wrote in the Preface to this 1996 book, "Darwin was ignorant of the reason for variation within a species... It was once expected that the basis of life would be exceedingly simple. That expectation has been smashed... the elegance and complexity of biological systems at the molecular level have paralyzed science's attempt to account for the origin of specific, complex biomolecular systems..." (Pg. x) He clarifies, "I have no reason to doubt that the universe is ... billions of years old ... I find the idea of common descent ... fairly convincing, and have no particular reason to doubt it... Although Darwin's mechanism ... might explain many things... I do not believe it explains molecular life." (Pg. 5-6) [NOTE: page numbers refer to the 307-page hardcover editon.]

He notes, "Darwin convinced many of his readers that an evolutionary pathway leads from the simplest light-sensitive spot to the sophistaced camera-eye of man. But the question of how vision began remained unanswered... he did not even try to explain where his starting point---the relatively simple light-sensitive spot---came from." (Pg. 18) He states, "Each of the anatomical steps and structures that Darwin thought were so simple actually involves staggeringly complicated biochemical processes... Anatomy is... irrelevant to the question of whether evolution could take place on the molecular level. So is the fossil record... Until recently, evolutionary biologists could be unconcerned with the molecular details of life because so little was known about them. Now the black box of the cell has been opened, and the infinitesimal world that stands revealed must be explained." (Pg. 22)

He asks, "What type of biological system could not be formed by 'numerous, successive, slight modifications'? ... a system that is irreducibly complex... composed of several well-matched, interacting parts ... wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning." (Pg. 39)For an example, "What components are needed for a cilium to work? Ciliary motion certainly requires microtubules... Additionally it requires a motor... it requires linkers to tug on neighboring strands... All of these parts are required... Just as a mousetrap does not work unless all of its constituent parts are present, ciliary motion simply does not exist in the absence of microtubules, connectors, and motors. Therefore we can conclude that the cilium is irreducibly complex---an enormous monkey wrench thrown into its presumed gradual, Darwinian evolution." (Pg. 64-65) He adds, "Other examples of irreducible complexity abound, including aspects of DNA replication, electron transport, telomere synthesis, photosynthesis, transcription regulation, and more." (Pg. 160)

He asserts, "Neither of Darwin's starting points---the origin of life, and the origin of vision---has been accounted for by his theory. Darwin never imagined the exquisitely profound complexity that exists even at the most basic levels of life." (Pg. 173) But he also adds, "To say that Darwinian evolution cannot explain everything in nature is not to say that evolution, random mutation, and natural selection do not occur... I believe the evidence strongly supports common descent. But the root question remains unanswered: What has caused complex systems to form?" (Pg. 175-176)

He argues, "Molecular evolution is not based on scientific authority. There is no publication in the scientific literature... that describes how molecular evolution of any real, complex, biochemical system either did occur or even might have occurred. There are assertions that such evolution occurred, but absolutely none are supported by pertinent experiments or calculations... the assertion of Darwinian molecular evolution is merely bluster." (Pg. 185-186) Instead, he endorses the concept of "intelligent design" ["the purposeful arrangement of parts"; pg. 193]. He notes that Kenneth Miller [Finding Darwin's God] "is like myself a Roman Catholic, and he makes the point ... that belief in evolution is quite compatible with his religious views. I agree ... that they are compatible..." (Pg. 239)

This book is absolute "MUST READING" for anyone even remotely interested in evolutionary theory, or in the Creation/Evolution/Intelligent Design controversies---regardless of which side (if any) of the debate one is on.
15 von 23 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Darwin crumbles before our eyes..... 29. Dezember 2011
Von leaf stacker - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
Dr. Behe is to be commended on all counts for honest reporting, unbiased objectivity, brilliant descriptions, compassionate criticism, and completely professional ethics. "Darwin's Black Box" is a total credit to the veracity of scientific discovery.
16 von 25 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen An excellent book 14. Mai 2011
Von Geoff Puterbaugh - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
It surprises me that this book is more than ten years old. I guess I let my mind run on automatic pilot with regard to "Intelligent Design" --- and the autopilot tended to assume that ID was going to be completely uninteresting, like the "ideas" of a flat earth, or young-earth creationism.

This book, along with Signature in the Cell: DNA and the Evidence for Intelligent Design, has convinced me that my autopilot was completely mistaken. Intelligent Design is NOT "creationism dressed up in a cheap tuxedo." As Stephen Meyer has pointed out, the creationist movement grew out of the Bible --- it was born in Holy Writ. Intelligent Design comes out of science, most particularly the stunning discoveries about the nanotechnology in the living cell.

What we have found in the cell is an amazing, very large group of molecular machines, which could be called a nanotechnology factory. Probably the most amazing thing about this factory is that it can duplicate itself, and perhaps the most inexplicable thing is that it runs using computer technology. The genetic code found in DNA is something we might never have understood without discovering computers first, and it's also something we NEVER would have comprehended if we hadn't found the "decoder ring" right there in the cell with the genetic code. Who would have dreamed that three letters of genetic code specified an amino acid, and that a sequence of hundreds of letters would specify all the amino acids needed to make a specific protein?

The question asks itself: how did this come about? The Darwinian fundamentalists naturally think that it happened by "evolution," their one-word answer for everything, but they have yet to come up with even one plausible explanation of how this stuff evolved. The problem is "irreducible complexity," which is found when a machine needs all of its parts in order to function, and the different parts by themselves do nothing. A simple example of evolution (in our hands) might be scissors: we can see pretty easily how a stone tool became a metal knife (useful all the way), and how two metal knives were lashed together to make the first clumsy pair of scissors. But that sort of step-by-step evolution does NOT explain a mousetrap, much less DNA, messenger RNA, and the rest of the amazing stuff going on in a human cell. Compared with a cell, the Jacquard loom is downright primitive --- and that loom is what led to the "IBM card" (the Hollerith punch card) of distant memory.

I guess there are two main books which explain Intelligent Design, this one and Stephen Meyer's book. Meyer's book is slightly more difficult and technical, while this one is a bit easier to read and has more humor. The choice is up to you, but I would strongly recommend looking at one of them.

This is NOT creationism redux, it's the beginning of a paradigm shift. Darwinian evolution can explain a lot of things, but it can't explain the origin of the universe or the origin of life.

As a final note, if these books get you to thinking about who the Designer might be, it's well to remember that he is not necessarily the God of any particular religion. You may be persuaded that The Great Spirit or The Force is probably there, but he or it remains completely mysterious --- aside from being incomprehensibly intelligent.
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