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Dambusters - Operation Chastise 1943 (Raid)
 
 

Dambusters - Operation Chastise 1943 (Raid) [Kindle Edition]

Doug Dildy
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Produktbeschreibungen

Kurzbeschreibung

In May 1943 a specially established RAF squadron made its permanent imprint on military aviation history by flying a high-risk, low level, nighttime attack against German hydro-electric dams vital to the Nazi armaments industry in the Ruhr Valley. A comparatively tiny part of Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris’ four-month-long “Battle of the Ruhr” the Dambuster raid had an impact totally out of proportion to the small number of aircraft involved. It highlights the synergy of science and technology, weapons development and production, mission planning and practice, and the unflinching courage in the execution of a highly dangerous bombing raid. Furthermore, it established a legend that still resonates today.

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Doug Dildy is a retired US Air Force (USAF) colonel who spent nine of his 26-year career in Western Europe and retired with approximately 3,200 hours of fast jet time, almost half of that as an F-15 Eagle pilot. As commander of the 32d Fighter Squadron, Soesterberg AB, NL, he enforced the No-Fly-Zone over Iraq acquiring over 100 hours of combat time in the F-15, making him an expert on F-15 employment, especially in operations over Iraq.
Dildy is a USAF Academy graduate with a degree in history and attended the US Armed Forces Staff College and USAF Air War College. Additionally he has a Masters Degree in Political Science.

As part of his formal military education, he authored several campaign studies. He has also authored several articles for notable US aviation history magazines, including pieces on the Dutch, Danish and Norwegian air arms' defense against the German invasions of 1940. He is a regular contributor to the amateur modeling magazine Small Air Forces Observer.

Produktinformation

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • Dateigröße: 29952 KB
  • Seitenzahl der Print-Ausgabe: 80 Seiten
  • Verlag: Osprey Publishing (20. Februar 2012)
  • Verkauf durch: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ASIN: B006ZYPZOQ
  • Text-to-Speech (Vorlesemodus): Aktiviert
  • X-Ray:
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 3.5 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)
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4 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Contains fascinating detail. 17. Dezember 2010
Format:Taschenbuch
In what often feels `now' like another lifetime, in a previous career in the British Army, I once occupied a splendid married quarter overlooking the Möhnesee and from where (in the winter months when the leaves had fallen) we could see the very structure made famous by the exploits of the Dambusters which is the subject of this book. I often took my family for a walk along the road which runs along the top of the dam and have two abiding memories from that time. Firstly, the original and very distinctive twin towers were still intact and secondly, the repaired dam wall was easily discernible against the original material.

As a scuba diving instructor based well inland in what was then Western Germany, we visited many of region's reservoirs - often in search of a mythical Lancaster bomber which we believed had crashed into the water. After many a fruitless search, 1977 was a year of such drought that all the reservoirs were reduced to a trickle of water which was not deep enough for any water sports. That dry summer, however, did allow us to survey each of those reservoirs and finally answer the question of whether or not a Lancaster aircraft existed. There were none. But I digress!

Another in a series of what might be described almost as "booklets" by Osprey Publishing, this one covers the subject of the Dambusters in fascinating detail and includes much that I did not know already. With refreshing insights into such pivotal personalities as Barnes Wallis and Guy Gibson plus additional details of each dam and the three-dimensional ground plan models with which the aircrews had to work and plan, this work answers a good many questions about one of the most successful air raids of all time.
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Von Martin TOP 100 REZENSENT
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
Die Zerstörung der Möhne- und Edertalsperre in Jahre 1943 durch britische Bomber nimmt in der kollektiven Erinnerung der britischen Kriegsgeneration einen besonderen Platz ein. Damals gelang es der Royal Air Force in einer spektakulären und fliegerisch höchst komplizierten Operation die Talsperren teilweise zu zerstören und so die Industrieproduktion an der Ruhr zu stören.
Während die militärisch-wirtschaftlichen Folgen eher gering blieben war der Propagandaerfolg grandios. Die beteiligten Flieger wurden als Helden gefeiert und die britische Öffentlichkeit verspürte nach dem Erlebnis des verheerenden Bombenkrieges auf die britische Zivilbevölkerung erstmals so etwas wie ein Gefühl der Oberhand im Luftkrieg. Der englische Codename der Operaton Chastise = Züchtigung zeigt deutlich, dass die Luftwaffenplaner diesen moralischen Effekt bewusst geplant hatten.
Auch nach dem Krieg lebte die Legende der Dambusters weiter. Ein äußerst erfolgreicher Spielfilm dokumentierte die Operation und die Filmmusik wird heute noch gerne bei englisch-deutschen Sporttreffen gespielt.

Das Buch "Dambusters" aus der Raid-Reihe des bekannten Miltärliteraturverlages Osprey schildert Planung und Ablauf der Operation Chastise detailliert und faktengetreu. Wer sich also ein Bild über die peniblen Vorbereitungen machen will und minutengenau den tatsächlichen Operationsverlauf nachlesen will, der findet hier genügend Stoff.

Tatsächlich töteten die Flutwellen aus den zerstörten Talsperren fast 2000 Menschen, wobei die Mehrzahl der Opfer nicht-deutsche Zwangsarbeiter waren. Die erwarteten Effekte auf die Industrieproduktion im Ruhrgebiet bleiben fast vollständig aus.
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Amazon.com: 4.2 von 5 Sternen  8 Rezensionen
5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Contains fascinating detail. 17. Dezember 2010
Von Ned Middleton - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
In what often feels `now' like another lifetime, in a previous career in the British Army, I once occupied a splendid married quarter overlooking the Möhnesee and from where (in the winter months when the leaves had fallen) we could see the very structure made famous by the exploits of the Dambusters which is the subject of this book. I often took my family for a walk along the road which runs along the top of the dam and have two abiding memories from that time. Firstly, the original and very distinctive twin towers were still intact and secondly, the repaired dam wall was easily discernible against the original material.

As a scuba diving instructor based well inland in what was then Western Germany, we visited many of region's reservoirs - often in search of a mythical Lancaster bomber which we believed had crashed into the water. After many a fruitless search, 1977 was a year of such drought that all the reservoirs were reduced to a trickle of water which was not deep enough for any water sports. That dry summer, however, did allow us to survey each of those reservoirs and finally answer the question of whether or not a Lancaster aircraft existed. There were none. But I digress!

Another in a series of what might be described almost as "booklets" by Osprey Publishing, this one covers the subject of the Dambusters in fascinating detail and includes much that I did not know already. With refreshing insights into such pivotal personalities as Barnes Wallis and Guy Gibson plus additional details of each dam and the three-dimensional ground plan models with which the aircrews had to work and plan, this work answers a good many questions about one of the most successful air raids of all time.

I found the explanation of the Dann Bombsight to be particularly revealing. Each `bouncing' bomb had to be released at exactly the correct height and exactly the right distance from each target in order to be effective and the device produced by Wing Commander Dann was simplicity itself.

Nineteen aircraft took part in the raid, each manned by a seven-man crew. Of the 133 men, therefore, who took part in the operation, no fewer than 37 were later decorated for their role. The decorations awarded included; One VC (Victoria Cross), six DSOs (Distinguished Service Order), fourteen DFCs (Distinguished Flying Cross), another fourteen DFMs (Distinguished Flying Medal) and two CGMs (Conspicuous Gallantry Medal). Guy Gibson's and all his crew were decorated with Gibson receiving the VC, his five officers each receiving the DFC and the lone sergeant the DFM.

Altogether, of considerable interest to those who want to know more about this extraordinary exploit from WW2.

NM
4 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
3.0 von 5 Sternen A Decent Enough Core Narrative, but Deficient in Graphic Content 7. März 2011
Von R. A Forczyk - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
The attack by the Royal Air Force's 617 Squadron on the Möhne and Eder Dams on the night of 17 May 1943 is deservedly one of the most famous bombing raids of the Second World War. Retired USAF Colonel Douglas C. Dildy brings a great deal of aviation insight into the re-telling of this famous operation in Osprey's Raid No. 16. Even though many readers may be familiar with the general aspects of this raid thanks to the 1955 British film on this subject, the author succeeds in delivering a more professional assessment of the operation thanks both to his own decades of aviation experience as well as a spate of documents released long after the initial hagiographic treatment. On the other hand, the graphic quality of this volume is sub-standard in several respects, particularly in the limited number of photos and the poor quality of those that are included. Given the extensive material available on this raid at the Imperial War Museum, this omission seems odd. Readers may also note that the Raid series format has increased from 64 to 80 pages. Nonetheless, this is a decent volume, both interesting and insightful.

Dambusters begins with a 6-page section on the origins of the raid and the RAF's decision quite early in the war to target the dams that supplied water and hydroelectric power to the German war industries in the Ruhr industrial areas. As the author makes clear, the RAF operational planning was somewhat amateurish from the start, with most target information gleaned from pre-war tourist photos. The author then moves into a 6-page section on the development of the unique Upkeep bomb by Dr. Barnes Wallis. This section is where some of the problems with this volume begins - there is only a single poor-quality photo of the Upkeep weapon and given the unusual method of attack, a graphic depicting the method of attack should have been included.

In the next 15-page section, the author discusses the genesis of the plan to attack the dams, the creation of 617 Squadron under Wing Commander Guy Gibson, the training, modification of 20 Lancaster bombers to carry Upkeep and the selection of specific targets. This section succeeds in imparting the unusual low-level training regimen for 617 Squadron and the somewhat haphazard planning effort put into the development of Operation Chastise by the No. 5 Group staff. The raid itself is covered in 32 pages, broken down by main force, diversionary force and reserve force. The raid section is the best part of the volume and includes two 2-D maps of the ingress/egress route, three BEVs depicting the attack on each dam and a 2-page color battlescene. The detail in this section is excellent, although it is more professional than dramatic in the manner of delivery. The BEVs were somewhat `cartoonish' and not up to the standard of other Osprey volumes. There are also only 22 photos in this volume - instead of the minimum 30 required for this series - and most are small and not very interesting. Frankly, the graphic quality of this volume is well below that of the Wikipedia article on this subject, which is ridiculous. Readers expecting the normal kind of Osprey value-added content will likely be disappointed with this volume.

In the final sections, the author tries to evaluate the raid in terms of the tactical, operational and strategic levels of war. At the tactical level, he acknowledges that damage inflicted on the Möhne and Eder Dams only impacted German war production for less than a week. No post-raid photos of either dam are provided (although they are available) and this section really should have had a map to depict the areas flooded and industries affected. On the operational level, the author concludes that British home front morale was raised by the successful raid, but he cannot quantify the impact on German morale. Finally, he states that the greatest result on the raid was achieved on the strategic level in regard to Britain's allies; the USA had to realize that British military expertise was of value in their partnership, while the Soviet Union was given a sop in place of a Second Front in 1943 (although he states that the Soviet leadership was "suitably impressed" this seems doubtful. Stalin wasn't even impressed when Truman told him about the A-bomb in 1945). The author also notes a number of operation al planning mistakes made by the No. 5 Group staff, including trying to divert Reserve Force aircraft to attack a target they had not been briefed on. However, the author failed to note the complete lack of any effort at Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD) that might have significantly reduced RAF losses. The inclusion of a couple of Mosquitos for flak suppression at each dam would have been prudent and within the capabilities of the RAF. The author concludes that the raid succeeded in "destroying" the two dams (but fails to mention that they were both repaired within months), but suffered 50 percent losses in the process. He does not mention that Germany was forced to divert construction resources from the Atlantic Wall project to repair these dams or what Germany did to prevent further similar attacks. In sum, these conclusions seem more fluff than serious. Overall, this is a decent volume, with a solid no-nonsense core, but very deficient in graphics and analysis.
1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A very thorough and complete telling of a good story 23. April 2013
Von J. Evans - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
This book is very easy to read and is extremely detailed. It contains many details about the raid, the preparation for the raid, the flying of the mission and its aftermath. Its operational analysis of the aftermath and the comparison to the pre-mission "hype" is particularly instructive. An excellent read!
2 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A Factual Representation 4. Februar 2011
Von Phillip T. Moss - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Too many historical events become mushy over time, and lore or propaganda replace a true rendition of fact. This book doe not resort to altering history, but faces up to the reality of aerial combat and the actions of the men involved in a major historical event. It would be difficult to relate this story without the strong aviation background of the author. I was particularly interested in the low altitude flying sequences and weapons delivery techniques. Having been a long range low level special weapons delivery pilot in the navy made me keenly aware of the problems associated with this particular mission. I was very impressed with the description and utilization of the Dann bombsight. This is a good read.
3.0 von 5 Sternen Decent succinct book on this raid 8. Oktober 2013
Von Yoda - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Any review of this book would have to start off by mentioning the fact that this book is part of Osprey's "Raid" series and, as such, is relatively short. These books are 80 pages in length, about a third of which consists of illustration of one type or another. Hence a reader expecting an in-depth tome on the subject would be disappointed. The relevant question is how well do this book provide an overview of this operation given its limiting format? The answer is quite well.

The book examines the economic importance of the four dams attacked (under the codename Chastise) but is also careful to mention that there were other reasons for the attack. These included domestic PR (i.e., British), to try to damage German morale (there was no evidence that the attack succeeded at doing this) and to improve relations with the Soviet Union and the US and to assist Churchill in getting the US to consider Europe as the primary field of campaign instead of the Pacific. The author, Mr. Douglas Dilby, writes:

"The Americans, still outraged at the Japanese `sneak attack'... wanted to concentrate US air and naval strength against Japan, at the cost of the combined air offense against Germany and the campaign against U-Boasts in the Atlantic. They also wanted to sue available amphibious shipping - which at this stage was limited - against Japanese held islands...rather than against Sicily and mainland Italy. Chastise's success helped Churchill to win over his larger ally to the `Germany First' and Mediterranean strategies"

Chastise may have played a tiny role in accomplishing this goal but this reviewer finds it difficult to believe that this was an important factor in the US agreeing to such an emphasis. It was probably the case that the US thought the European front was of greater importance than the Asian even before Churchill started to formally bring up the topic given the greater threat posed by Germany relative to Japan because of their relative military and industrial bases. The author does not make a convincing case that Chastise was the primary (or an important factor) in making the European front here relative to the German.

The author does a far better job in the rest of the book however. The section on training, the Lancaster (type of bomber used) and the development of the unusual type of cylindrical bomb are quite good (a diagram illustrating how the bomb worked would have been of some assistance here). The book is also well researched in providing information from official (and other documents) on the operation and tables showing specific crews involved. The book concludes with an analysis of the results and consequences of the attack. These were that there was economic damage done to the German war effort (albeit only temporary), the PR aspects and impact on German morale (insignificant).

The book does have considerable weaknesses though. One of the main one's is that German defenses are given too short an analysis. Only 1 dam's (of the four dams attacked) flak defenses is discussed in any more than superficial detail. Also, locations of flak defenses could have been placed on the maps in the book to illustrate the attacks but they are not. This would have not been difficult to do and would have provided valuable insight into the difficulty of these attacks, especially considering they had to be conducted at low level, slow speeds and with aircraft that were not that well armored (the Lancaster definitely is no B-17 in terms of armor protection). There is also no discussion, outside photo captions, on German passive defenses. This is despite the fact that barrage balloons could have made these attacks suicidal. Why was this the case? Lack of resources? Did Germans consider it unlikely that such targets would be attacked? If so why?

One last but major weakness, in terms of illustration, is the fact that the diagrams used to illustrate the attacks do not show the difficulty of making these attacks. This is because they are in 2-D "flat" style as opposed to a 3-D format that would have better illustrated the topology of the attack run areas (and that is so common in the maps illustrating battlefields in Osprey's "Campaign" series). This is ironic as the author spends considerable text space on describing the topology and how it made the attacks so difficult.

All and all a decent succinct book on the topic albeit with a few weaknesses.
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