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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is best remembered for the creation of Sherlock Holmes, the world’s most famous fictional detective, though in his lifetime Doyle also penned essays, poems, short stories, science fiction, nonfiction, historical novels, political treatises, and lectures on Spiritualism.
It was in 1887’s A Study in Scarlet that Sherlock Holmes and his trusty companion, Dr. John Watson, first appeared. Doyle eventually became weary of the stories, hugely popular with both British and American readers, and killed off Holmes in the 1893 short story “The Final Problem”—only to resurrect the character years later in The Hound of the Baskervilles. On July 7, 1930, Doyle died in England of heart failure. His stories of the very logical Sherlock Holmes, which so precisely reflect the latter part of nineteenth-century Victorian England, still capture the imaginations of readers today.