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Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

William Nicholls
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Kurzbeschreibung

1. Juni 1995
In Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate, Professor William Nicholls, a former minister in the Anglican Church and the founder of the Department of Religious Studies at the University of British Columbia, presents his stunning research, stating that Christian teaching is primarily responsible for antisemitism.

Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 534 Seiten
  • Verlag: Jason Aronson, Inc.; Auflage: New Ed (1. Juni 1995)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 1568215193
  • ISBN-13: 978-1568215198
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 23,3 x 15 x 3,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (3 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 849.984 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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Professor William Nicholls is one of those rare thinkers capable of combining extraordinary scholarship and erudition with a deep understanding of human nature and human aguish. Above all, he is a man of remarkable courage, a courage stemming from his ownsense of morals and faith. Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate is a work with no precedent and no equal. At one level, it is a brilliant, breathtaking chart of the history of Christianity, from its birth to modern times, and the legacy of hatred that it promoted, in both its religious and secular forms. At a second level, this book is designed to delineate Christian responsibility, not only for the butcheries and persecutions of the past, like the Spanish Portuguese Inquisitions, but also andspecifically for the destruction of six million Jews during the Holocaust. As a Christian, deeply committed to the faith of the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures, Professor Nicholls not only feels the rage for this historical travesty but also the moral, nay, the religious charge, to face up to the burden of this responsibility and to redress this wrong. Written in a scintillating and swift, stripped-down prose, this is a luminous and compelling book that could change forever Christian perception of -- Professor Jose Faur, author, In the Shadow of History: Jews and Conversos at the Dawn of Modernity Professor Nicholls' history of the Christian origins and perpetuation of, and the church's continuing responsibility for, the antisemitic myth-including that myth's secularized and racist forms-is a marvel of contemporary historical and moral scholarship. We are given a comprehensive, definitive accounting of Christian hate for Jews from its beginnings to today-all in some 500 pages-together with compelling proposals for religious and theological reform and renewal. This historical exposition extends as well to the many moral, theological, political, and psychoanalytic dimensions of the question of antisemitism. We may expect this work to remain authoritative for a long time. It is a gem. -- A. Roy Eckardt, University of Oxford Professor William Nicholls is one of those rare thinkers capable of combining extraordinary scholarship and erudition with a deep understanding of human nature and human aguish. Above all, he is a man of remarkable courage, a courage stemming from his own sense of morals and faith. Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate is a work with no precedent and no equal. At one level, it is a brilliant, breathtaking chart of the history of Christianity, from its birth to modern times, and the legacy of hatred that it promoted, in both its religious and secular forms. At a second level, this book is designed to delineate Christian responsibility, not only for the butcheries and persecutions of the past, like the Spanish Portuguese Inquisitions, but also and specifically for the destruction of six million Jews during the Holocaust. As a Christian, deeply committed to the faith of the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures, Professor Nicholls not only feels the rage for this historical travesty but also the moral, nay, the religious charge, to face up to the burden of this responsibility and to redress this wrong. Written in a scintillating and swift, stripped-down prose, this is a luminous and compelling book that could change forever Christian perception of itself and bring a propitious change in Christian attitudes toward Jews and Judaism. -- Professor Jose Faur, author, In the Shadow of History: Jews and Conversos at the Dawn of Modernity

Synopsis

Written by a former minister in the Anglican Church and the founder of the Department of Religious Studies at the University of British Columbia, this work presents the author's research, stating that Christian teaching is primarily responsible for antisemitism.

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5.0 von 5 Sternen A must for every Jewish library 11. Juni 1999
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
Christian Anti-Semitism: A History of Hate, by William Nicholls. Jason Aronson, Inc. , 499 pp, $40.00.
In William F. Buckley's essay on anti-Semitism Bill is very troubled about some of his friends. In his heart of hearts he doesn't want to believe that these people, people he believes are decent humans, can really be anti-Semites. Nevertheless, he must honestly come to terms with the fact that these same people seem to be obsessed with Jews.
As a Jew born in the United States I always believed that I not only knew who I was as a Jew, but understood the non-Jewish world as well. There were, surely, some things I couldn't understand. It seemed that Christians could never talk about their religion without reference to mine. Whatever was positive in theirs was counterpoint to something negative in mine. More extraordinary was the fact that negative ideas that were ascribed to Judaism weren't even true. I always passed this off as ignorance on their part.
Professor Nicholls' book, Christian Anti-Semitism: A History of Hate, allowed me to see Bill Buckley's observation in a new light. It was not Joseph Sobran or Patrick Buchanan who were obsessed with Jews, but Christianity itself.
True to its title, a goodly portion of the book deals with the history of Christian anti-Semitism. In this sense the book can be compared to such classics as J.R. Marcus's The Jew in the Medieval World or J. Trachtenberg's The Devil and the Jews. Nicholls' real interest, however, is in the theological claims of Christianity and how they logically result in anti-Semitism.
Nicholls starts with Jesus himself.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Devastating and harrowing work 26. April 2008
Format:Taschenbuch
Religion itself can become idolatry. When loyalty to a creed or church or rite takes the place of fidelity to God who demands loving kindness and righteous action, the religion is made into an object of worship that must be defended against criticism, even justifiable criticism based on verifiable facts. Those outside are mistrusted or hated by religious idolaters simply because they are not part of the community. Nothing is considered acceptable unless it fits within the bounds of the creed. People are not viewed in terms of their essential humanity. From there it is a tiny step to believing that it is right to murder them or be indifferent about their fate. We are seeing this today in the spread of terrorism around the globe. Religious idolatry is the worst enemy of spirituality. It ought to be obvious that if religion is to be shielded from its own tendency towards idolatry, it must be receptive to criticism and judged by its fruits as revealed in history. The king and the priest are not above the law in the Good Book; the greatest figures in the Judeo-Christian tradition, like Abraham, Moses and David, are presented with their flaws. Criticism of religion on theological, philosophical and historical grounds must thus be considered essential in opposing idolatry. The followers of a religion that resist criticism are in danger of becoming idolaters and ultimately fanatics.

This is one of the most intellectually honest books I have ever read. I realize that it will shock Christians as it triggered a profound spiritual exhaustion in me. But denial is not an option. Part One: Before The Myth, raises the questions if Jesus the Jew was the founder of Christianity and whether he was rejected by his people.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Christian Antisemitism 2. Juni 2000
Format:Taschenbuch
Professor Nicholls has published a powerful book that reviews the myths of early Christianity and illuminates the historical Jesus (a practicing and faithful Jew who had no intention of starting a new religion) and the origins of Christian Jew hatred which evolved into the secular antisemitism that culminated in the Holocaust. Whew! Powerful material ... not for those whose inbred dogmas cannot stand up to rigorous critical thinking.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen A must for every Jewish library 11. Juni 1999
Von Ein Kunde - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Christian Anti-Semitism: A History of Hate, by William Nicholls. Jason Aronson, Inc. , 499 pp, $40.00.
In William F. Buckley's essay on anti-Semitism Bill is very troubled about some of his friends. In his heart of hearts he doesn't want to believe that these people, people he believes are decent humans, can really be anti-Semites. Nevertheless, he must honestly come to terms with the fact that these same people seem to be obsessed with Jews.
As a Jew born in the United States I always believed that I not only knew who I was as a Jew, but understood the non-Jewish world as well. There were, surely, some things I couldn't understand. It seemed that Christians could never talk about their religion without reference to mine. Whatever was positive in theirs was counterpoint to something negative in mine. More extraordinary was the fact that negative ideas that were ascribed to Judaism weren't even true. I always passed this off as ignorance on their part.
Professor Nicholls' book, Christian Anti-Semitism: A History of Hate, allowed me to see Bill Buckley's observation in a new light. It was not Joseph Sobran or Patrick Buchanan who were obsessed with Jews, but Christianity itself.
True to its title, a goodly portion of the book deals with the history of Christian anti-Semitism. In this sense the book can be compared to such classics as J.R. Marcus's The Jew in the Medieval World or J. Trachtenberg's The Devil and the Jews. Nicholls' real interest, however, is in the theological claims of Christianity and how they logically result in anti-Semitism.
Nicholls starts with Jesus himself. Building mostly on the work of contemporary scholar Geza Vermas, he draws a picture of Jesus not as a founder of a new religion, but as a Torah observant Jew of the first century.
Traditionally, if Jews mentioned Jesus at all, his name would be suffixed with "may his bones be ground to dust." I must admit that I still find it difficult to say his name without a bottle of Listerine close at hand. Nevertheless, our picture of this man has come to us through Christianity. Would it not be the ultimate irony if not only has Christianity been slandering Judaism, but that it has been slandering this man as well?
Nicholls deals one by one with the claims about Jesus made by Christians and their gospels. Did Jesus oppose the Jewish law and the rabbis of his day? Did Jesus claim to be the Messiah? To each of these questions and others he answers a resounding, No! The picture he does draw is that Jesus was one of a number of healers and miracle workers and preachers not unlike others of his time. It was also not unusual in times of troubles for some to look to such individuals as prophets or even the Messiah himself.
Even the earliest claims of the new movement were based on readings of the scriptures which were at variance with those of the rabbis of that time. The real substance of the book is how a messianic fervor surrounding one man became transformed into the Christian myth and why this myth was anti-Semitic.
Nothing based on Jewish tradition predicted a dead messiah. As time went on and Jesus did not return, the new sect looked for evidence of this new kind of messiah in the Torah. They came to see the "Old Testament" not as the Torah, but as a cryptogram of Christian prophecy. Non-Christian Jews had no reason to read the Torah in this strange way. Paul then took the critical step of seeking converts among the gentiles. Not only did he not require them to convert to Judaism first, but he strongly discouraged it. The church rapidly became non-Jewish. The gentile church claimed for itself the sole right of interpretation of the Jewish scripture. It claimed that its interpretation was the same as that of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It claimed the Jews had willfully distorted the plain meaning of their own scriptures. The Jews must therefore have deserted G-d and their own covenant. The first anti-Semitic Christian act was, therefore, the theft of the Torah. The rest of the anti-Semitic claims were really an attempt to justify the first.
Nicholls lays out a detailed historical record in Christian Anti-Semitism: A History of Hate. Suffice it to say that anti-Semitism is not an ugly accretion to the pure religion of Christianity. It is one of its organizing principles.
Nicholls himself is from a Christian background and has great sympathy for those wishing to create a Christian theology that is not inherently anti-Semitic. He, however, does not believe it is possible, because any Christianity based on Jesus would have to deal with the real historical Jesus, the Jew. "To put it another way, there cannot be a Christ without Jesus....Contemporary Christians cannot ignore the historical Jesus. What we are coming to know about Jesus does not fit what Paul said about him."
Nicholls' book is an exciting, well-balanced read. The scholarship upon which his book is based is only now starting to be absorbed by Christians. Nicholls claims to be no prophet. I believe, however, if you wish to gain a glimpse of the future, you should read this book.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen If you only get one book on this subject - get this one!!! 9. Februar 2001
Von E. Balogh - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
This is truly a seminal book. There is nothing else quite like it - and I've read many books on the subject. In it, William Nicholl traces anti-Jewish sentiment from its earliest political and theological genesis through to its almost inevitable result - the Holocaust. At least the first third of the book is devoted to a fascinating exploration of the life and times of Jesus seen from a clear-eyed and rational historical viewpoint. Then, in the final chapter the author goes back in time, period by period, to see what can be stripped away from Christianity in an attempt to see if it can be divorced from its inherent Anti-Jewishness. That chapter is, to put it mildly, hair-raising! This is an absolute must for any person interested in in the growth and development of Christian theology as well as anyone interested simply in truth. I have three copies: One for myself and two for loaners. All three are loaned out at the time of this writing. Five stars is not a high enough rating.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Devastating and harrowing work 26. April 2008
Von Pieter Uys - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
Religion itself can become idolatry. When loyalty to a creed or church or rite takes the place of fidelity to God who demands loving kindness and righteous action, the religion is made into an object of worship that must be defended against criticism, even justifiable criticism based on verifiable facts. Those outside are mistrusted or hated by religious idolaters simply because they are not part of the community. Nothing is considered acceptable unless it fits within the bounds of the creed. People are not viewed in terms of their essential humanity. From there it is a tiny step to believing that it is right to murder them or be indifferent about their fate. We are seeing this today in the spread of terrorism around the globe. Religious idolatry is the worst enemy of spirituality. It ought to be obvious that if religion is to be shielded from its own tendency towards idolatry, it must be receptive to criticism and judged by its fruits as revealed in history. The king and the priest are not above the law in the Good Book; the greatest figures in the Judeo-Christian tradition, like Abraham, Moses and David, are presented with their flaws. Criticism of religion on theological, philosophical and historical grounds must thus be considered essential in opposing idolatry. The followers of a religion that resists criticism are in danger of becoming idolaters and ultimately fanatics.

This is one of the most intellectually honest books I have ever read. I realize that it will shock Christians as it triggered a profound spiritual exhaustion in me. But denial is not an option. Part One: Before The Myth, raises the questions if Jesus the Jew was the founder of Christianity, whether he was rejected by his people and the concept of the crucified Messiah. The first section deals with myth and history, biblical criticism, Jesus and His own people, the Synoptic problem, oral tradition, Albert Schweitzer's challenge, redaction criticism, checks on authenticity and the diversity of early Christianity. The second explores Judaism in the first century, Roman rule, the mission and message of Jesus, the Sermon on the Mount, Pharisees, opponents of Jesus, various parables, and Jesus and the Torah. The final section considers Jewish messianic expectations, language and society, the development of early ideas about Christ, what Jesus himself said about his mission, the Son of Man, the entry into Jerusalem, the trial of Jesus plus falsifications in the Gospels and what motivated them.

Part Two: The Growth of the Myth, consists of: Paul and the Beginning of Christianity, The True Israel: Battle for the Bible, Jews in a Christian World, Popular Paranoia and the Inquisition & Reformation. In the first section, Nicholls explores the early days of Christianity, resurrection visions, sectarian theology, the crucial break, mythmaking, the traditional interpretation, Paul's intentions, the question of a double covenant, James, Peter and different views in the early church. The Battle for the Bible deals with the break between Judaism and Christianity, editorial bias in the Gospels, different versions of the trial, John's Anti-Judaism, Anti-Judaism in the New Testament, the theology of supercessionism (replacement theology), 2nd century writers, Marcion and Tertullian.

The section titled Jews in a Christian World chronicles the ever increasing laws against the Jews, the codes of Theodosius and Justinian, fall of the Western Roman Empire, Bishop Ambrose, the canon law of the church, theological Anti-Judaism in the Church Fathers, the Christological interpretation of the New Testament, and Gregory the Great and the Jews. The next, Popular Paranoia, deals with Abelarde, the crusades, blood libel, charges of desecration of the host, the Fourth Lateran Council, the Black Death, the origins of the calumnies, pressures on the Christian Psyche, subconscious rage and rebellion, paranoid projection and the transmission of paranoid systems. This is of prime importance for gaining a psychological understanding. The section on the Inquisition & Reformation considers the fate of Spanish Jewry in the 15th century, the Council of Trent, the Reformation and the humanists.

Part Three: The Myth Secularized, is divided into The Napoleonic Bargain, Secular Antisemitism, the Churches in the 20th century, Old and New Antisemitism, and the possibility of ending Antisemitism. In the first, Nicholls analyses the new societies of modernity, liberal Anti-Judaism, the Enlightenment and its views on religion, Anti-Judaism of the philosophers, the French revolution, Congress of Vienna and progress towards emancipation. In the section on secular antisemitism, he looks at the leftwing Hegelians, Karl Marx, the new racial doctrines, the Dreyfuss affair, Russian antisemitism, antisemitic parties of Austria and Germany, and the matrix of Nazism. The role of the churches in the 20th century is considered with reference to the Holocaust and after, Pius XII, the rescuers, the response of the Catholic Church and the relation between it and the Jews in the 1990s, the World Council of Churches and the new theologies.

In the chapter Antisemitisms Old & New, the author comments on the survival of the traditional form, the leftwing variety, mutations, Holocaust denial, Anti-Zionism which he claims is the typical current mutation, media reporting on the Middle East conflict, Liberal antisemitism, that amongst the Black community in the USA, and the influence of Christian Liberalism on Jewish intellectuals. In the final chapter, he explores the possibilities of ending this ancient hatred. He considers Christian history, theology and its effects, removing Anti-Judaic accretions in the church, returning the Bible to the Jewish people, rethinking Christological interpretation of the Old Testament, earliest Christianity, theology and history, the alternatives for Christians and the looming choice between Jesus or Christianity.

There is an appendix of the three accounts of Peter's acclamation of Jesus as the Messiah, 37 pages of Notes arranged by chapter, a vast bibliography and a thorough index. Nowadays the main influences on the western public mind are secular "salvationist" ideologies that sprung from Christianity. Unfortunately they contain the virus without the antibodies provided by the Old Testament in traditional Christianity. And the collapse of political Marxism has only increased its potency as opiate of the intellectuals in various mutant forms. The message of this book is frightening; I encourage all people of good will to read it and act upon its recommendations. Other informative books on this subject are Our Hands are Stained with Blood by Michael L Brown, The Crucifixion of the Jews by Franklin H Littell and The Anguish of the Jews by Edward H Flannery.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Christian Antisemitism 2. Juni 2000
Von howdyweiss@aol.com - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Professor Nicholls has published a powerful book that reviews the myths of early Christianity and illuminates the historical Jesus (a practicing and faithful Jew who had no intention of starting a new religion) and the origins of Christian Jew hatred which evolved into the secular antisemitism that culminated in the Holocaust. Whew! Powerful material ... not for those whose inbred dogmas cannot stand up to rigorous critical thinking.
20 von 28 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen An Objective View of the Historicity of Christianity 16. März 2000
Von Warren Fendrich - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
It takes a tremendous amount of courage and integrity to objectively look at your own religion and examine, in an objective and honest light, the very foundings of that religion. Prof. Williams Nicholls does just that. In this eye-opening and compelling book, Nicholls separates the "myth" of Christianity from history.
Who was Jesus? What was his intent? How was he viewed by the Jews of his day? Did he indeed have anything to do with Christianity as we know it today? What was Paul's role in the founding of Christianity? Do the Gospels paint an accurate picture of Jesus in our current understanding of who he was? How did the Jews become the "anti" of everything Christian as the Gospels lay it out? Could a Holocaust have happened in a non-Christian society, or has 2,000 years of anti-Judaism molded today's cultural thinking in such a negative light?
Nicholls does was most Christian authors fail to do. He avoids circular reasoning. His entire book is built on the concept of looking at Jesus as a Jew and from a Jewish perspective. He examines the roots of Christianity and the crucible from which it emerged, Judaism. Most authors (like the obtuseness of a Josh McDowell) try to fit Jesus into the Gospels from a 20th century view of who he was, rather than a 2,000 year old accurate perspective. They argue, we belive it to be such since the "myth" has developed into this, now we will "prove" it from the Gospels.
Nicholls does not make the same grave error. On the contrary, he disgards today's notion of who Jesus was and views him from Jesus' religion and political and cultural environment. Educational, interesting, and most importantly, honest.
AN ABSOLUTE MUST FOR BOTH CHRISTIANS AND JEWS!
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