2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
- Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition
Elizabeth Economy and Michael Levi have done their homework, seeing not only China as they do business in the rest of the world, but also on the world's view of China, especially in developing countries with resources.
First, it is easy to see why China needs these resources, and farmland, from other countries. They have a population of 1.3 billion people and beyond the prosperity of what you see in Shanghai and Beijing, the huge majority are still impoverished and needs to move out of their position of extreme poverty. Moving these people up are also good business for both private and state owned companies, as we shall see.
China goes to Africa and South America to mine their resources and buy land to grow food to ship back to China, and to please the inhabitants of these countries, they improve their society, building a modern infrastructure, with roads, bridges, schools, government buildings, even rebuilding villages and towns to provide for the residents. This is clever, China becomes a favored country in that part of the world and also a model country for others to follow, if they do want to remain in good standing. However, China does this only in countries that can give them something in return, such as resources.
But things aren't necessarily what they seem, for there is a downside. When China started all this, they mimicked their business behavior back home, meaning a disregard for the environment, poor working conditions, an elite system where the Chinese would live luxuriously and have high positions while the natives lived only on the essentials, and yes, this has stirred resentment. Some Chinese, especially in Africa and the Middle East, have become victims of terrorists and refused to do business in some places for fear of encountering them.
There are also cases where, in China itself, they would monopolize rivers that flow into neighboring countries, leaving them with very little water to use downstream stirring up resentment. Many Asian countries are weary of China, Mongolia being one of them.
Many countries have started to catch on, and, in spite of what benefits the Chinese have to offer, have turned down offers from China and went with other countries such as Canada and Australia. Others do not want to sell farmland to China, in the case emergencies such as droughts and famines come up, and others will let China mine resources provided that they are the minority shareholder.
All this hype in the press about China has been greatly exaggerated, and they are no more successful than any other country doing international business, and they have had failures and setbacks. There has also been corruption and bribery in buying favors for mineral rights from other countries.
This is not to say that China is failing, far from it; nor is this a book about China's decline, it isn't. What it is saying is that China's honeymoon with developing countries is over, and will have to compete with other countries on a level playing field.
They are doing just that, and they are learning from their mistakes. They are also learning to apply responsibility in business both home and abroad. They have reconsidered use of their rivers for other countries downstream, improved working conditions, becoming more conscious about the environment, and are learning about fair business practices.
The U.S. is also mentioned here, especially military wise. As the U.S. becomes more energy independent, they are not going to withdraw from the Persian Gulf or the sea lanes in Indonesia anytime soon. China does not have the navy to replace them, and will not be in that position anytime soon, so China, as well as the world, needs the U.S. for protection of their sea lanes, whether they like it or not. There is mention, in detail, of the South China Sea and why China wants control of it so much; it has valuable natural resources starting with oil and natural gas.
This book does portray a realistic view of China and its business with the rest of the world. It is not going to dominate economically, but it's not going to decline, either. They have made their mistakes, are learning from them, and are seeking new opportunities; but they do have the rest of the world with which to compete, and they have to compete on a level playing field.