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Bureaucracy (Liberty Fund Library of the Works of Ludwig Von Mises) (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe – Februar 2007

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Produktinformation

  • Gebundene Ausgabe: 105 Seiten
  • Verlag: Liberty Fund Inc (Februar 2007)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0865976635
  • ISBN-13: 978-0865976634
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 1,3 x 15,9 x 23,5 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 596.177 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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Synopsis

Originally published by Yale University Press in 1944, "Bureaucracy" is a classic fundamental examination of the nature of bureaucracies and free markets in juxtaposition to various political systems. "Bureaucracy" contrasts the two forms of economic management - that of a free market economy and that of a bureaucracy. In the market economy entrepreneurs are driven to serve consumers by their desire to earn profits and to avoid losses. In a bureaucracy, the managers must comply with orders issued by the legislative body under which they operate; they may not spend without authorisation and they may not deviate from the path prescribed by law. Writing in an age of exuberant socialism, Ludwig von Mises here lucidly demonstrates how the efficiencies of private ownership and control of public good production ultimately trump the guesswork of publicly administered 'planning' through codes and 'officialdom'. Although Mises aptly critiques bureaucracy and expounds thoroughly upon the immense power of law-like codes of commissions and administrations, he does not condemn nor dismiss bureaucracy but rather frames its proper bounds within constitutional democratic governments.

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1 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Frank Reibold am 14. August 2008
Format: Taschenbuch
Dieses Buch handelt von den Unterschieden zwischen Marktwirtschaft und Bürokratie / Sozialismus.

Zunächst wird dargestellt, wie Entscheidung und Koordination in der Marktwirtschaft funktionieren. Auf dem Markt treffen Angebot und Nachfrage aufeinander. Durch den Marktpreis erfahren die Unternehmen, ob sie profitabel arbeiten oder nicht. Das schlägt sich bei ihnen in der Buchführung nieder. Durch die Buchführung der einzelnen Abteilungen oder Betriebe weiß ein Konzern immer, welche seiner Teile profitabel sind oder nicht. Man kann auch erkennen, welche Mitarbeiter gute Arbeit leisten und welche nicht (z. B. an Hand der Anzahl der gefertigten Produkte). Die Marktwirtschaft basiert auf dem privaten Eigentum an Produktionsmitteln, weil sich sonst keine Preise bilden können, welche jedoch für die Koordination der Marktteilnehmer notwendig sind.

Bürokratie gibt es dort, wo es keine Marktpreise gibt; z. B. wird niemand eine Gebühr für die Verteidigung zahlen wollen. Dort kann man deshalb Kosten und Nutzen nicht in Geldeinheiten ausdrücken (soll man eine Polizeibehörde nach der Anzahl der gefassten Diebe bezahlen?). Dort gilt wie immer, dass mehr Aufwand vielleicht größeren Erfolg nach sich zieht; aber belegen lässt es sich nicht. Zur Vermeidung von Missbräuchen und Verschwendung führt man deshalb Budgets und Vorschriften ein. Die Mitarbeiter werden nach Alter oder Dauer der Betriebszugehörigkeit bezahlt. Der Autor zeigt, dass damit das Alter der Führungspersonen hoch sein muss, was tendenziell die Einführung von Neuerungen bremst.
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Amazon.com: 13 Rezensionen
47 von 47 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Perceptive and Concise 9. Juni 2006
Von D. W. MacKenzie - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
Bureaucracy is the clearest and most concise version of the calculation critique of socialism. This books is vastly easier to read that the original 1920 article on socialist calculation. It is far shorter and more focused than Human Action. It is also much shorter than Socialism, an Economic and Sociological Analysis. Mises managed to achieve brevity without sacrificing much important content. Bureaucracy is probably his best written book.

There are many subtleties to this book, but the main points are straightforward. Mises contrasts profit management with bureaucratic management. To Mises Bureaucratic management is necessary as far as a few basic public services are concerned. However, the adoption of socialism would mean the extension of bureaucratic management to all areas of the economy. The problem with this is that bureaucracies are inflexible. Changing economic conditions require the adaptation of production. Entrepreneurs implement changes in production because they seek profit. Mises explains why bureaucrats would act irresponsibly- they are not checked by profit and loss accounting. Since public services lack a cash value as generated by markets the costs of increasing public services are unknown. Bureacratic managers would thus over expand their operations without realizing it. Such bureaucratic excesses must be limited by restrictive rules. Hence bureaucracies lack the flexibility of entrepreneurial capitalism.

Mises also considers psychological and political issues, but these points are not as well developed as his economic arguments. One could see this as a weakness, but those who want a more complete version of the von Mises critique of socialism can read his 1922 book- Socialism.

Bureaucracy is the shortest and surest path to understanding the merits of free markets and the dangers of socialism. I can think of no other book that contains so many important insights in so few pages. The closest contenders for this honor would be Menger's Principles, Buchanan's Cost and Choice, and Hayek's Road to Serfdom. Fortunately one can find accessibility and genius in some books, and Bureaucracy excels in both of these attributes.
23 von 23 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
As timely and insightful now as it was over half a century ago 8. Juli 2007
Von Midwest Book Review - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
Written by professor former Vienna Chamber of Commerce economist Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973), Bureaucracy is a classic economic treatise, first published in 1944, about how the efficient aspects of private ownership and control of public good production ultimately produces superior results compared to the mishmash of publically administrated plans laced with codes of "officialdom", government incompetence, unforeseen legal wranglings, graft, and other ills. "Bureaucracy in itself is neither good nor bad," Mises states; rather, bureaucracy is a valuable resource for managing certain spheres of human activity, such as policing and courts of law, yet ultimately a failure or even harmful when applied to private enterprise, simply because forced obedience to strict rules hobbles entrepreneurial managers' room to maneuver amid fluctuating market situations, and stifles their innovation in response to evolving consumer wants. "Under socialism... the beginner must please the already settled. They do not like too efficient newcomers. (Neither do old-established entrepreneurs like such men; but, under the supremacy of the consumers, they cannot prevent their competition.) In the bureaucratic machine of socialism the way toward promotion is not achievement but the favor of the superiors... The rising generation is at the mercy of the aged." As timely and insightful now as it was over half a century ago, Bureaucracy is highly recommended especially for college library and economic studies shelves.
20 von 22 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
The Free-Market Perspective on Big Government 23. September 2000
Von R. Setliff - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
This is a short economic tract from the acclaimed Austrian economist known for his stern defense of free-markets. Mises' sharp verbal logic and analysis of the adverse affect that bureaucracy, socialism, and a bloated public sector has on the economy. This book is a classic. I recommend reading in tandem with his other classics like Human Action, Liberalism in the Classical Tradition, Socialism.
2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A FASCINATING, SOMETIMES-SURPRISING ANALYSIS BY THE FAMOUS ECONOMIST 14. Februar 2012
Von Steven H Propp - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (1881-1973) was one of the major figures in the Austrian School of economics; Friedrich Hayek was a pupil of his. Mises' major works are Human Action: A Treatise on Economics, Third Revised Edition and Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis.

Mises wrote in the Preface to the original (1944) edition of this book, "The main issue in present-day social and political conflicts is whether or not man should give away freedom, private initiative, and individual responsibility and surrender to the guardianship of a gigantic apparatus of compulsion and coercion, the Socialist State... it seems as if an investigation of the expansion of bureaucratic agencies is the most expedient avenue of approach. An analysis of bureaucratism offers an excellent opportunity to recognize the fundamental problems of the controversy."

He admits in the Preface to the 1962 edition that there are some activities where "profit management" can't prevail; for example, "A police department cannot be operated according to the methods resorted to in the conduct of a gainful enterprise." He later added, "There is no yardstick available that could establish whether the expenses incurred by one of (the FBI's) regional or local branches were not excessive." (Pg. 50) You cannot "measure" a judge according to how much time he needs to adjudicate a case (Pg. 56). This leads to his conclusion that "a successful handling of public affairs... cannot be expressed in terms of money," and "Bureaucratic management is management of affairs which cannot be checked by economic calculation." (Pg. 52)

He refuses to attribute the failures of European bureaucracies to "intellectual and moral deficiencies of the personnel," since many of the "most gifted and lofty members of the intelligentsia" served in government bureaus. Many civil servants published "excellent treatises" dealing with administration and statistics. (Pg. 61)

But he also notes that many civil service clerks act as if compliance with "formalities" is the most important part of their job. (Pg. 60) He also charges that most people joined the staff of government offices because the salary and the pension offered were higher than what they could expect to earn in other occupations. "They did not renounce anything in serving the government." (Pg. 86)

He asserts that "The outstanding fact of the intellectual history of the last hundred years is the struggle against economics." "They called the economists names... and called down curses upon them." (Pg. 89)

He rejects the justification of a bureaucracy by comparison with the Roman Catholic Church. He states that the methods of the Church are very efficient for the government of a body "clinging to an undisputed, unchangeable set of rules and regulations. They are perfect in the choice of the guardians of an eternal treasure of doctrine. But the case of human government and civil government is different." (Pg. 111)

This is one of Mises' most interesting books, and will definitely be of value to students of Austrian economics.
2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Shows bureaucracy for what it is. 26. August 2010
Von Frank Desparrois - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
This is an excellent book and a devastating critique against bureaucracy. Even though this book was written in 1944 many of the problems, irritations and false hopes of bureaucracy as outlined in this book are still relevant, if not more so, today. Times may change but bureaucracy does not.
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