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Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again (Bradford Books)
 
 

Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again (Bradford Books) [Kindle Edition]

Andy Clark
5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (3 Kundenrezensionen)

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"Clark's book is an excellent introduction to this new movement incognitive science. It is clear, wide ranging, well informed, and fullof fascinating examples. And, unusually, it manages to be botheminently sensible and highly provocative." Margaret A. Boden , Nature

Kurzbeschreibung

Brain, body, and world are united in a complex dance of circular causation and extended computational activity. In Being There, Andy Clark weaves these several threads into a pleasing whole and goes on to address foundational questions concerning the new tools and techniques needed to make sense of the emerging sciences of the embodied mind. Clark brings together ideas and techniques from robotics, neuroscience, infant psychology, and artificial intelligence. He addresses a broad range of adaptive behaviors, from cockroach locomotion to the role of linguistic artifacts in higher-level thought.

Produktinformation

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • Dateigröße: 2795 KB
  • Seitenzahl der Print-Ausgabe: 292 Seiten
  • Verlag: A Bradford Book; Auflage: Reprint (23. Januar 1998)
  • Verkauf durch: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ASIN: B002XQ21PQ
  • Text-to-Speech (Vorlesemodus): Aktiviert
  • X-Ray:
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (3 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: #524.351 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop (Siehe Top 100 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop)

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5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Format:Taschenbuch
Clark develops in a very clear way the main threads of contemporary mind-body research. He argues for a non-dogmatic approach to the very difficult questions that epistemology, brain research and artificial life have put in the last twenty years. His position is with those who are not trying to explain everything from a single source or with single set of tools. Not reductionism, not holism or not only emergence or cognitivism or connectionism. Still, he sees the advantages of each theory and he gives a very subtle and insightful overview of what each strand has to contribute. I have read maybe twenty books on the subject in the past few months, from Varela to Jackendorf and from Minsky to Harré, but only Clark seems to be able to make the field transparent and coherent. If he sometimes loses in boldness, he certainly wins in promise. A book that should become a compulsary reading for anyone who wants to be introduced in the field.
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2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A New Approach to Philosophy of Mind 11. Juli 2000
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
For those dissatisfied with both dualism and West Coast eliminative materialism, Andy Clark's philosophy of mind offers readers an alternative: an embodied mind. Here's a philosophy that embeds the human mind in its environment, its culture, and its history. And and author who writes like a dream! For a revitalized philosophy of mind, read it together with Alicia Juarrero's Dynamics in Action: Intentional Behavior as a Complex System and Merlin Donald's Origins of the Modern Mind!Enjoy!
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A new conceptual framework in the offing 12. April 2000
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
When read in tandem with Paul Cilliers Complexity and Postmodernism, and Alicia Juarrero's Dynamics in Action, Andy Clark's Being There articulates the outline of a new philosophical framework: one which takes complexity, embodiment, history and context seriously. Kudos!
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Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen auf Amazon.com (beta)
Amazon.com: 4.8 von 5 Sternen  8 Rezensionen
61 von 65 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen probably the most readable and reasonable book on mind-body 18. Oktober 1998
Von Stephaan Vanryssen - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Clark develops in a very clear way the main threads of contemporary mind-body research. He argues for a non-dogmatic approach to the very difficult questions that epistemology, brain research and artificial life have put in the last twenty years. His position is with those who are not trying to explain everything from a single source or with single set of tools. Not reductionism, not holism or not only emergence or cognitivism or connectionism. Still, he sees the advantages of each theory and he gives a very subtle and insightful overview of what each strand has to contribute. I have read maybe twenty books on the subject in the past few months, from Varela to Jackendorf and from Minsky to Harré, but only Clark seems to be able to make the field transparent and coherent. If he sometimes loses in boldness, he certainly wins in promise. A book that should become a compulsary reading for anyone who wants to be introduced in the field.
17 von 19 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Great reading on the Mind-Body problem 4. April 2003
Von Christopher R. Calvi - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Andy Clark provides us with a new framework for thinking about the mind. Gone are the old notions of a clean boundary between the thinker and the world. Clark does a great job of making the point that our brains are essentially embodied agents that profit profoundly from the local environmental structure. He introduces this new movement in cognitive science to study the brain, body, and world together as a complex system of interactions and dependencies and calls for a cognitive science of the embodied mind.
Clark is not proposing a radical idea. In fact, he defends at some length that his work is in fact a solution to the radical ideas that currently dominate the field. Clark suggests refining the tools of study used, and finding a middle ground between competing theories. I personally question whether a middle ground is appropriate in science. When anomalies exist in current models, does it serve us well to take the best of all available theories and smooth them together as Clark does? Perhaps in the case of the brain, this is a good idea, even though many other sciences (like physics) fair better with simpler one-size-fits-all solutions. Due to the brain's complexity unmatched anywhere in the known universe, maybe a simple (radical) way of studying it isn't possible (or at least within human capabilities).
Clark certainly builds a strong case, particularly by applying examples and comparisons throughout the book. His ideas are well thought out, his writing is clear (though perhaps a little repetitive), and the book as a whole is well worth reading.
Being There definitely gets you thinking.
18 von 22 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A New Approach to Philosophy of Mind 11. Juli 2000
Von Ein Kunde - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
For those dissatisfied with both dualism and West Coast eliminative materialism, Andy Clark's philosophy of mind offers readers an alternative: an embodied mind. Here's a philosophy that embeds the human mind in its environment, its culture, and its history. And and author who writes like a dream! For a revitalized philosophy of mind, read it together with Alicia Juarrero's Dynamics in Action: Intentional Behavior as a Complex System and Merlin Donald's Origins of the Modern Mind!Enjoy!
3 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Read even if your interest is cognitive psych and not philosophy 1. Oktober 2009
Von Jeffrey A. Johnson - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
I am reading Clark's book to learn how the understanding of mind, brain, and action has changed since I got a doctorate in cog. psych many decades ago. I am learning a lot from it. Being There clarifies several complex issues by, among other things, providing vivid examples.

My only criticisms are minor:
- About halfway through the book, it started to get a bit repetitive. I didn't need to be told again and again that perception and cognition are active and use the world as its own memory.
- There are a few errors. E.g., page 29 puts the area of high visual resolution (i.e., the fovea) at "0.01 percent" of the retina. It's 1 percent (0.01) of the retina, not 0.01 percent.
2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen A Great Book on A Great Topic 27. September 2009
Von Benjamin Bolaji - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Besides this being a very creative and unique home-work assignment, the point of this review is to help you decide if this book is what you want to read for your neuroscience assignment in the upcoming semesters. Plenty of authors have tried to give rational explanations for the ideas behind recent research. Clark is no different. He lays down the foundation of the phenomena in the field of "Artificial Intelligence." At first a person may wonder how robotics ties into neuroscience, but it becomes clear as we reason and look at the way this field of research was carried out that it has everything to do with neuroscience. In fact the whole purpose of "artificial intelligence"(AI) is to get the product, whichever form the robot takes, to perform, react, and control itself just like a human being. But just how easy is that to do? Well first, it's important to understand how the human brain performs, reacts and controls itself in various scenarios. And then understand how it responds to new scenarios it has never encountered before. And not to forget to understand how the brain responds when a particular reaction is not working out so well and when it is working well. All this would need to be the basis for building a machine that could think like a human. So Clark delves into the complex human brain and then does a fantastic job of linking it to the research field. He starts by underlying the pattern of cognition that the human brain exhibits. He describes the brain as "controllers for embodied activity". In context with this book it means that the brain is very flexible in its controlling the many activities or scenarios that come its way. And he cites some great research examples in which controlling the embodiment of activity was implemented.
Personally I feel that Clark is a great writer. His style is very conversational, which is always a plus for an easily bored reader like me. As you read Clarks' book you ask yourself questions and he eventually answers them in upcoming paragraphs. However he does like to go into too much detail on a matter. This may not be an issue for readers who enjoy knowing the fine details of certain mechanisms and thoughts. However, keep in mind that this is just my personal opinion, not every bored reader is in opposition to great detail.

A great job is done in mixing exciting research into this book. But I particularly enjoyed Clark's analysis of how the mind works when planning and problem solving. When faced with a problem Clark describes the old fashioned AI method to planning as a "very disembodied phenomenon", meaning that generally when researchers want to make a machine that plans and solves, they have the mindset that it takes information, processes and reacts. This is of course accurate. But according to Clark, the human brain does so much more than that when faced with a problem to solve. When the desired result to solving a problem is not met, the human brain works on re-thinking another plan to solve the issue. "In many cases, however, the plan turns out to be something much more partial, and much more intimately dependent on properties of the local environment." In other words, depending on what we want to accomplish, our brains will re-work another plan, but based off of clues in the environment or setting we are in. Using these clues makes re-working the problem less difficult than it was to begin with. Clark elaborates on this point for the reason that AI machines need to be programmed to be able to re-plan, "re-think" and reorganize themselves in order to achieve a problem solving status similar to that of humans. So sensing and working with the environment is so crucial to humans and should be also to these types of machines. Another chapter I really enjoyed was "collective wisdom, slime-mode style". He introduces the Dictyostelium discoideum a species of slime mold. This is a rather unique organism that starts its life as an amoeba type of cell. Until the food runs out in its environment and is forced to change shape to a ball of slime. The ball of slime (in response to cues from the environment) chases food and light so it can reach and develop into the next phase. When the right amount of nutrients is found in its environment the slime ball stops moving, sets up and grows into a stem to reproduce another generation of cells. How is this knowledge useful to understanding the brain and ultimately making machines modeled after the brain? Well the human brain acts in a slime-mold fashion. When we have a purpose or agenda (like the slime mold trying to reach the reproduction phase) we look for changes in the environment to help us. I love this analogy Clark uses: "you have to remember to buy a case of beer for a party. To jog your memory, you place an empty beer can on your front doormat. When next you leave the house, you trip over the can and recall your mission." Environmental activities are used to shape our problem solving skills or reach our goal. Similar to the slime-mold using environmental stimuli, like light and food, to reach its goal.

So the application to robots and their design. Out of the many postulates he lists for the design of these human like robots a few are; real-world, real-time focus where a machine takes data and creates output based on time frames; extended vision of cognition and computation is the machines act of using other objects around itself to create output options; constraint satisfaction networks in which an artificial machine would take pieces of info from its environment and deduce what is around by eliminating what it knows is not around. To do this requires flexible sensory mechanisms. Andy Clark shows those in the field of AI research just how they should be designing their machines by looking at the brain in the right way, as a flexible cognitive controller, that can still function when the environment changes.
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Beliebte Markierungen

 (Was ist das?)
&quote;
a vision that puts explicit data storage and logical manipulation in its place as, at most, a secondary adjunct to the kinds of dynamics and complex response loops that couple real brains, bodies, and environments. &quote;
Markiert von 3 Kindle-Nutzern
&quote;
This is because such systems, as we saw, create actions from an "equal partners" approach in which the local environment plays a large role in selecting behaviors. &quote;
Markiert von 3 Kindle-Nutzern
&quote;
the tuning of basic responses to a real world that enables an embodied organism to sense, act, and survive. &quote;
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