Malcolm X to many people was the epitome of a violent natured, totally corrupted, evil spirit. As early as page one however, we find that this couldn't have been further from the truth. In fact, in the last chapter (1965), Malcolm masterfully articulates the universal truth that seems to shape everyone's life: the fact that circumstance, not unintelligence or inherent evil nature, is the fundamental cause of most of our decisions. Secondly, we see how ultimately unintelligent decisions are made in an intelligent manner. We find that Malcolm was an astute individual whose vision, or lack there of, caused him to whole-heartedly devote most of his mature adult life to an organization he would later regret ever having been a champion of. So, the limit of human intelligence and understanding is revealed poignantly in this life story. What is most inspiring is the integrity with which Malcolm carried himself- unike too many of today's religious "leaders". When he changed, it was for real! Also, in reading this book, it becomes obvious through Malcolm's recounts of history that religion and poilitics are inseperable. That is, if one, after reading this book, still holds to the belief that religion and politics have nothing to do with each other, then he/she understands niether. The theme of subjectivity and self-interest rings loud as a bell. Malcolm, above all, was a sociologist; he understood human behavoir at it's core. He could very well have been a better poitician than JFK and Clinton combined- he was just that brilliant! Pay close attention to his criminal life and all the knowledge he imparts, the LBJ/Goldwater comparison, the Nation's "jealousy", Hollywood's version of love and relationships, Alex Haley's "up close and personal", and the use and meaning of the word "devil".