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Atheism PB: A Philosophical Justification [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

Michael Martin
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Kurzbeschreibung

1. Januar 1992
In this book Michael Martin provides logical reasons for being an atheist. Carefully examining the current debate in Anglo-American analytic philosophy regarding God's existence, Martin presents a comprehensive critique of the arguments for the existence of God and a defense of arguments against the existence of God, showing in detail their relevance to atheism. Claiming that atheism is a rational position while theistic beliefs are not, he relies both on logic and evidence and confines his efforts to showing the irrationality of belief in a personal supreme being who is omniscient, omnipotent, perfect, and the creator of heaven and earth. The author's approach is two-fold. By presenting and criticizing arguments that have been advanced in favor of belief, he makes a case for "negative atheism." By offering arguments against atheism and defending it from these attacks, he presents a case for "positive atheism." Along the way, he confronts the views of numerous philosophers - among them Anselm, Aquinas, Plantinga, Hick, and Swinburne - and refutes both classical and contemporary arguments that have been advanced through the history of this debate. In his conclusion, Martin considers what would and would not follow if his main arguments were widely accepted, and he defines and distinguishes atheism from other "isms" and movements. Building on the work of religious skeptics and atheists of the past and present, he justifies his reconstruction of this philosophical dispute by citing some of the most interesting and important arguments for atheism and criticisms of arguments for the existence of God that have appeared in recent journal articles and have yet to be systematically addressed. Author note: Michael Martin is Professor of Philosophy at Boston University and author of several books, including The Legal Philosophy of H.L.A. Hart: A Critical Appraisal and The Case Against Christianity (both from Temple).

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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 275 Seiten
  • Verlag: Temple Univ Pr (1. Januar 1992)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0877229430
  • ISBN-13: 978-0877229438
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 23 x 15 x 3 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 3.8 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (12 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 1.212.064 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Pressestimmen

"Thousands of philosophers--from the ancient Greeks to modern thinkers--have defended atheism, but none more comprehensively than Martin. His lengthy arguments, detailed and incisive, are sharpened by modern developments in logic and inductive reasoning and by special attention to contemporary thinkers whose subtle writings are unknown to the general public... Atheists should read it to bolster their creed, and theists should read it to test their faith against the deadly force of Martin's attack." --Martin Gardner, The Humanist "A tour-de-force for the mind... This is a book to be read several times and savored while being slowly digested... If one follows Martin's reasoning throughout this book, one will have gone through the most thorough and vigorous examination of the logical arguments surrounding atheism and theism that has ever been offered." --Gordon Stein, American Rationalist "[This book] has the impact of a runaway train. It is certainly the best philosophical justification of atheism that I have ever read... Even readers with little philosophical background will find themselves richly repaid." --Free Inquiry "This is a bold work which presents its case with clarity, rigour, and a thorough knowledge of the most recent articles and monographs in the field of philosophy of religion... The details of Martin's arguments deserve the close attention of all philosophers of religion." --Michael Banner, Journal of Theological Studies "The arguments in this clearly written work are sound and conclusive. There is scarcely a questionable sentence in the entire enormous work. A comprehensive work of solid scholarship, Atheism: A Philosophical Analysis is an important contribution to the philosophy of religion." --Wallace Matson, University of California, Berkeley "Martin's net is much more broadly cast than [Bertrand] Russell's to provide a comprehensive defense of atheism that pulls together criticisms scattered throughout atheistic literature. Clearly and systematically, Martin defends negative atheism the absence of belief in god or gods, by attacking the major classical and contemporary arguments for God's existence." --Choice

Synopsis

In this book Michael Martin provides logical reasons for being an atheist. Carefully examining the current debate in Anglo-American analytic philosophy regarding God's existence, Martin presents a comprehensive critique of the arguments for the existence of God and a defense of arguments against the existence of God, showing in detail their relevance to atheism. Claiming that atheism is a rational position while theistic beliefs are not, he relies both on logic and evidence and confines his efforts to showing the irrationality of belief in a personal supreme being who is omniscient, omnipotent, perfect, and the creator of heaven and earth.The author's approach is two-fold. By presenting and criticizing arguments that have been advanced in favor of belief, he makes a case for 'negative atheism'. By offering arguments against atheism and defending it from these attacks, he presents a case for 'positive atheism'. Along the way, he confronts the views of numerous philosophers among them Anselm, Aquinas, Plantinga, Hick, and Swinburne and refutes both classical and contemporary arguments that have been advanced through the history of this debate.In his conclusion, Martin considers what would and would not follow if his main arguments were widely accepted, and he defines and distinguishes atheism from other 'isms' and movements.

Building on the work of religious skeptics and atheists of the past and present, he justifies his reconstruction of this philosophical dispute by citing some of the most interesting and important arguments for atheism and criticisms of arguments for the existence of God that have appeared in recent journal articles and have yet to be systematically addressed. Author note: Michael Martin is Professor of Philosophy at Boston University and author of several books, including "The Legal Philosophy of H.L.A. Hart: A Critical Appraisal" and "The Case Against Christianity" (both from Temple).


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Kundenrezensionen

Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen
1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen An extremely good and thoughtful book. 11. Juni 1999
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
It's a thick book, but as theists come up with so many different philosophical whizzes and lame excuses, this book needs to be thick. I did a pure maths degree, but still found some of the content heavy going logically and conceptually. However such depth was required to provide a full rebuttal. This is not a book for the marginally theologically curious. It is not intended as a little light bedtime reading, but for serious study or reference. Martin leaves the non-atheistic arguments against Christianity to his book The Case Against Christianity, being careful not to stray into that area in this book. The book provides the ideal basis for someone who has provisionally decided to become an atheist, but wishes to examine the intellectual under-pinning of atheism before doing so completely. I would recommend it for theists, if I felt they could handle it. I pity the person who tries to rebutt the central arguments contained within this book!
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4.0 von 5 Sternen Good book for all intellectual atheist! 4. Mai 1999
Format:Taschenbuch
Michael Martin does a good job defending atheism by first demonstrating that negative atheism (lack of belief in God) is philosophically justified and then by demonstrating that positive atheism (disbelief in God) is justified.
Though this book was written at a highly intellectual level, it did seem to contain a number of logical problems. For example, Martin thinks he can show that morals can have meaning without God simply by showing that it might be possible to construct an ethic system that doesn't demand "belief" in God. But this is clearly inadequate. What needs to be demonstrated is that God's existence is not required for real moral norms to exist. If I am an accident of nature, why "ought" I behave one way over another? If there is a standard of right and wrong (even if it be relative to each person) where did it come from? This question, Martin doesn't attempt to answer.
I could give other examples, but I don't want to detract from the high quality of most of his philosophical evaluations, which define his book. For example, he seemed to do an excellent job stating opposing arguments (i.e. no straw men).
As a result of Martin's skill at philosophical analysis, this book might be a haven for atheists. However, Norman Geisler's, Christian Apologetics, develops a revised cosmological argument that is untouched by Martin's criticism of the cosmological argument and its various forms. Thus, atheists should be careful to not let his book keep them from continued investigation. In fact, the book actually gave me more confidence in the theistic worldview as being philosophically plausible (if not necessary) than I was before I read the book. However, the book skillfully contains a depth of reasoning to support atheism that theists and atheists can benefit from.
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Very interesting and very technical 26. April 2000
Format:Taschenbuch
As a layman in terms of philosophy I found this book to be at the edge of my ability to comprehend. This is really no page-turner in the Stephen King sense. It requires long hours of careful reading and thinking on the reader's behalf.
Martin does a great job in defining the various ideas surrounding atheism and the problems with theism. All the classic theistic proofs, in various and modern form, of the existance of God gets a good pounding. Martin deals with both so called negative atheism (the mere lack of belief in gods(s) and positive atheism (the disbelief in God and then mainly the omnipotent,omniscient and omnibenevolent construction apparent in say, christianity.
I would recommend to read Atheism: the case against God by George Smith if you are not into philosophy a lot instead of this book. This one goes so much further and is therefor at a much higher level
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1.0 von 5 Sternen Thick and extensive, but... 24. Oktober 1997
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
This thick book has a very broad coverage, deals with many arguments, and is therefore very informative. However:
1. It lacks logic, the most striking example being its defense of both the meaninglessness of the word "God" and its use of arguments against the existence of "God". The Atheist philopher Kai Nielsen would have been more consistent here (see "Does God Exist?")
2. Martins seems to blame Theism for not being proven with mathematicla certitude. But he does seem to realize that this kind of Humean Skepticism is also fatal to Atheism
3 He unfortunately misrepresent or misunderstands some arguments. For example, concerning the Kalam argument, he confuses actual and potential infinites; thinks that one can construct an actual infinite by starting beginningless. Either this is a "beginless begin" (nonsense) or a an actual inifinite (which is what is at stake: he begs the question...). He simply asserts that scientists think that the universe could appear uncaused, without mentioning the absurdities of these theories (Hawkings' imaginary time and space, Quantum modles without time, space and files, and without a cosmic observer to collapse their function...).
4 . He does not realize that the evidence for evil is fatal for the atheist purposless, valueless indifferent universe, and makes only sense if there is a purposeful, personal Creator....
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Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
DON'T JUSTIFY YOUR POSITION BY THE USE OF RESTRICTIVE JUDGEMENTAL BOUNDARIES. IF THOUGHT IS FREE FLOWING, YOUR EXPLAINATIONS MAY BE YOUR OWN TRUTHS, NOT ALWAYS OTHERS. WHAT I JUST WROTE AND AM WRITING NOW IS ANOTHER RESTRICTION I SET UPON MYSELF LABELING WHAT I THINK YOU SHOULD OR SHOULD NOT PRECIEVE. JUST REMEMBER: ALL POSSIBILITIES ARE ENDLESS. THERE IS NOTHING WRONG WITH BEING INCORRECT, FOR IT IS CORRECT IN THE FIRST PLACE. A VERY PROVACATIVE BOOK.
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Die neuesten Kundenrezensionen
2.0 von 5 Sternen Well-written but clownish
A reader's reaction to a philosophical work is mostly determined by his preexisting opinions. This may be why Martin's book has received so much adulation in atheistic quarters. Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 1. Mai 2000 von S. Guha
5.0 von 5 Sternen The Philosphical Justification
This books is just what the title says it is: the phihlosphical justification of atheism. Martin goes into both postivie and negative atheism and the differences between them. Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 10. Januar 2000 von David N. Reiss
5.0 von 5 Sternen Rock Solid Case For Atheism
This work is an erudite masterpiece. Martin tackles all of the major theistic arguments from a highly technical level. Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 25. Dezember 1999 von eunomius
2.0 von 5 Sternen It's a useful encyclopedia of atheistic philosophical errors
Michael Martin's book is very useful as an encyclopedic catalog of atheistic arguments (positive and negative) against the existence of God. Lesen Sie weiter...
Am 15. November 1999 veröffentlicht
4.0 von 5 Sternen A very rewarding book, well worth reading.
A really wonderful book. I strongly recommend this book, whether you choose to believe in (a) God or not. Lesen Sie weiter...
Am 30. September 1999 veröffentlicht
5.0 von 5 Sternen DECONSTRUCTING GOD
Standing deservedly in the first battle line together with John L. Mackie's superb "The Miracle of Theism", which is arguably the sparkling highlight of 20th-century's... Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 15. Juni 1999 von Duodecimus
4.0 von 5 Sternen Excellent
Martin pretty much demolishes every argument I have ever heard of for the existence of god in this well written volume. Lesen Sie weiter...
Am 15. September 1998 veröffentlicht
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