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Abducted: How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

Susan A. Clancy
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Kurzbeschreibung

4. Mai 2007
How could anyone believe he or she was abducted by aliens? Or want to believe it? To answer these questions, psychologist Susan Clancy interviewed and evaluated "abductees" - old and young, male and female, religious and agnostic. She listened closely to their stories - how they struggled to explain their remembered experience, how abduction seemed plausible, and how, having suspected abduction, they began to recollect it, aided by suggestion and hypnosis. This book is not only a subtle exploration of the workings of memory, but a sensitive inquiry into the nature of belief.

Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 179 Seiten
  • Verlag: Harvard Univ Pr; Auflage: New Ed (4. Mai 2007)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 067402401X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0674024014
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 1,4 x 13,1 x 19,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 374.998 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"[Clancy] describes not only what she has learned about the psychology of this bizarre phenomenon but also what she has learned about herself carrying out her research. Her book is a delight." - Chris French, New Scientist "[An] engaging book... It provides fascinating accounts of the way abductees use evidence in their reasoning, the effects of relaxation therapy and hypnosis in creating false memories and the importance of TV shows, films and books in creating the myth of the grey alien... Clancy writes in an easy-going and engaging way, describing the processes and the ups and downs of her research as well as her findings. This is a fun, readable and informative book that helps explain how and why alien abduction has become such a powerful myth." - Susan Blackmore, Times Higher Education Supplement"

Synopsis

How could anyone believe he or she was abducted by aliens? Or want to believe it? To answer these questions, psychologist Susan Clancy interviewed and evaluated "abductees" - old and young, male and female, religious and agnostic. She listened closely to their stories - how they struggled to explain their remembered experience, how abduction seemed plausible, and how, having suspected abduction, they began to recollect it, aided by suggestion and hypnosis. This book is not only a subtle exploration of the workings of memory, but a sensitive inquiry into the nature of belief.

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Von Oliver Völckers TOP 500 REZENSENT
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
Die amerikanische Psychologin stellt sich die Frage, warum in den USA zahlreiche Menschen nicht nur an UFOs und Außerirdische glauben, sondern sogar davon überzeugt sind, von diesen entführt und meist misshandelt worden zu sein. Das ist ein Musterbeispiel für falsche Erinnerungen. Für die Autorin ist es ein Weg, um zweifellos konstruierte Gedächtnisstrukturen zu untersuchen.

Susan Clancy berichtet ernsthaft, aber auch mit Humor von den zahlreichen Interviews, die sie geführt hat. Da sind schon ziemlich schräge Vögel dabei, aber dennoch wirken viele Spinner erschreckend normal, beinahe wie ein Querschnitt durch die Gesamtbevölkerung. Die meisten "Entführungsopfer" sind tatsächlich davon überzeugt, Außerirdischen begegnet zu sein.

Wie können solche Vorstellungen entstehen? Die bloße Tatsache, dass solche Ideen kursieren, nehmen UFOlogen als Beweis für die Existenz der Außerirdischen. Warum gäbe es sonst die Berichte? Susan Clancy geht dem nach. Sie zeigt, dass sich Berichte über Entführungen zeitlich und räumlich eingrenzen lassen (vorwiegend USA, erst nach 1962) und dass sie mit Kinofilmen und Büchern korrelieren. In den USA gibt es viele "Fachleute", die mit angeblichen Kontakten zu Außerirdischen ihren Lebensunterhalt verdienen.

Erinnerungen werden in erster Linie über Hypnose wachgerufen. Dabei spielt das Deese/Roediger-McDermott Paradigma (DRM) eine Rolle; Versuchspersonen erinnern sich an naheliegende Begriffe, die nicht erwähnt wurden (Pos. 166 von 1833). Außerdem hat das Phänomen der Schlaflähmung ("sleep paralysis", siehe Wikipedia) einen Einfluss.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Ausgezeichnetes Buch 27. Dezember 2009
Format:Taschenbuch
Eines der interessantesten Bücher, die ich in letzter Zeit gelesen haben. Mir gefällt besonders, dass die Autorin nach psychologischen Erklärungen dafür sucht, warum so viele Personen freiwillig daran glauben, von Außerirdischen entführt worden zu sein. Die Erklärungen hierfür (persönliche Probleme, Hypnose und Anderes) sind sehr plausibel in meinen Augen. Klasse Buch!!
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5.0 von 5 Sternen The Science of Alien Abductions 2. Oktober 2005
Von R. Hardy - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
In the past few decades (and significantly, not before that time) there have been stories from people who have been abducted by aliens, probed, sampled, and disgorged back to try to figure out what happened. There have been those who have taken these stories at face value, most famously the late Harvard psychiatrist John Mack, who said that there was no evidence that such abductees were telling anything but the truth. Skeptics and most of his fellow academics scoffed. Now Susan Clancy, a Harvard psychologist, has written about her own researches into participants in the phenomenon. _Abducted: How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens_ (Harvard University Press) explains such abductions in a way that skeptics will appreciate. However, Clancy also shows respect for the abductees she investigated, appreciating their viewpoints and explaining without condescension how such ideas came to be. The book will convert few abductees from their belief system (and Clancy shows why such a belief system is so satisfying and firmly held), but it goes far to show that they are not stupid or psychotic and they are not just seeking publicity.

As far as the physical reality of such abductions, Clancy (unlike Mack) is firmly in the skeptics' corner, and gives reasons to be sure that no such events are happening, and if they are happening, extraordinary evidence is needed make the events credible; no one has come close to producing such evidence. But she points out, the proper scientific response is not, "Why investigate abduction since it is not really happening?" but rather "What sort of people are reporting being abducted, and why?" And it was this she set out to do; after she got approved by Harvard's Institutional Review Board to do the research, she started running newspaper ads: "Have you been abducted by aliens?", and giving a number which abductees could call. She describes the fifty subjects as "generally warm, open, trusting, and friendly"; they liked fantasy, tarot, and astrology. But there are plenty of people who have such characteristics. Why do some become convinced they have actually been abducted? The startling answer is that they have first hand experiences of abduction that registered in their minds as surely as last night's dinner registered in yours. In the abductees' cases, the memories seem to come from sleep paralysis, a limbo state between sleeping and waking that is not at all uncommon. Before flying saucer films, there was sleep paralysis, and those suffering from it reported interacting with Satan, witches, or dragons; nowadays, it's extraterrestrials.

But why would someone want to foster memories that are so obviously painful? "The contact these people have had with aliens doesn't just feel real - it feels transformative." The abductees reported that their abductions were the most traumatic experiences in their lives, but also the most positive. They felt changed, improved, more at peace, more at one with the universe as they experienced it. All of them denied they would choose not to be abducted, if they could go back again. In a provocative final section, Clancy demonstrates that Saint Teresa's account of her encounter with an angel is very close to accounts abductees give of their own encounters. She shows that abductees get the same benefits of meaning, reassurance, and spirituality that believers in ordinary religions do. _Abducted_ is a small book, a wonderful primer for those who have never had the abduction experience themselves but are interested in the often strange inner experiences of their fellow humans. Clancy writes with wit and with genuine sympathy and understanding of her subjects, and readers will find them far less strange than they had initially seemed.
37 von 48 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A Strange Look Inside the Human Memory Machine 5. Dezember 2005
Von Peter Kobs - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
FAIR WARNING: This excellent, well-written book isn't really about aliens at all -- it's about the psychological mechanisms that drive the human memory machine. If you're looking for a lively debate about the existence, or non-existence, of alien visitors to Earth, find another writer.

Susan Clancy is a post-doctoral fellow in psychology at Harvard University. She has also worked in Nicaragua as an economic development advisor. She doesn't believe in extra-terrestrial visitors and she's very open about that from the get-go.

The real purpose of her research, as documented in this book, is to determine what "abductees" have in common from a psychological standpoint -- to answer these five questions:

-- How do people come to believe they were abducted by aliens? In other words, how did these imaginary "memories" come to exist in the first place?
-- Why do abductees have memories if it didn't really happen?
-- Why are abduction stories so consistent? (They're not.)
-- Who gets abducted?
-- If it didn't happen, why would an abductee want to believe it?

At the risk of over-simplification, Clancy's answer is this: Virtually all abduction reports were reported only AFTER Hollywood and the publishing industry popularized this type of narrative, starting in the late 1940s and continuing in the 1960s - 1980s. Most abductees are not insane or psychotic, but they do test very high on objective laboratory measuresments for what is called "schizotypy" -- the tendency to think eccentrically and to believe in "magical thinking" (e.g., that certain numbers have magical powers). They're often loners who are very interested in UFO studies and other paranormal phenomenon long before they claim to have been abducted.

Clancy and her team interviewed, at length, about 50 "abductees." In the course of her report, we learn a great deal about the biological and psychological mechanisms that shape the human memory system. It's a fascinating look at how the brain works and how we interpret stored information based on pre-conceived beliefs. A few sections get repetitive here and there, but generally speaking Clancy's writing is lively and fun to read.

In the final chapter, she theorizes about why these people WANT to believe in these traumatic abductions, despite the pain and disruption the memories cause. Her answer is a fascinating proposal that deserves further study, both from a scientific and religious perspective. Don't miss this short little book!

(Note: Some of the material here is very sexual and sometimes violent, so I wouldn't recommend this book for anyone under the age of 16.)
37 von 51 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Replies to her critics 3. Januar 2006
Von perch1 - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Clancy's style in ABDUCTED is light and friendly with plainly-presented facts. She comes across as down-to-earth and self-aware (e.g., "I got a grip and shut up," pg 28). Her sympathetic but unswerving conclusions are a relief in this contentious area. Thanks to her book, I no longer find abductees exasperating but can respect and find common ground with them. I'd like to repay Clancy for this welcome book by rebutting a few reviewer criticisms.

For example, reviewers objected that the Hills and the Allagash abductees were awake and in groups, thus their experiences can't be explained as the effects of "sleep paralysis". But those examples, given by the reviewers, exactly fit Clancy's algorithm (pgs 33, 51) for wakeful abductions! (1) They were not immediately aware of being abducted and (2) only decided weeks later that they "must've" been taken. (3) Before gaining their memories they actively collected UFO information, and (4) both groups recovered their memories in hypnosis.

Giese complained that "many abductees recall vast portions of their experience(s) w/o the aid of hypnosis." Clancy beat him to it by noting that although it's less common, non-hypnotic recovery occurs (pg 58) and any memories can grow in detail over time (pg 68).

Giese also sneered: "Interesting that many abductees want to believe their experience was NOT real." But identifying possible benefits of unpleasant abduction-memories is a key product of the book! (1) The memories explain many troubling things in an abductee's life (pg 33); (2) these exonerative explanations can't be disproved (pg 145); (3) the experiences can expand an abductee's worldview to "awe-inspiring" degrees (pg 149); and (4) the memories can make an abductee feel "chosen" or "special" and bring outside attention (pg 140). Furthermore, Clancy's abductees disagree with Giese: not one said he/she would prefer to have NOT had the experience (pg 149).

O'Connor fumes that Clancy's writing is so bad that "If not for Google, I still would have no idea as to what the 'MUFON' is that she refers to in the first chapter." But Clancy spells it out right there on page 4, "Mutual UFO Network." And it's in the index, for heaven's sake. (A nicely done index, too.) O'Connor also complained that Clancy gave "no explanation of ... who performed the [hypnosis] studies or any other vital details." But there is a footnote - A FOOTNOTE! - at the end of the disputed sentence (pg 59) leading to 3 hypnosis-related citations that are followed by dozens more.

Other criticisms are unaddressably vague. When claiming that Clancy "gets facts blatantly wrong in many cases" and that "Clancy contradicts her own statements continually," Bowman and O'Connor should've given examples.

One-star reviewers' core complaint is that Clancy doesn't believe in UFOs. Several said the book's real purpose is to attack ideas of alien life and visitation. But Clancy spent the equivalent of only 4 full pages debunking aliens (circa pgs 25, 44, & 137).

A reviewer said Clancy's "fear" prevented her from admitting "reality." But Clancy reported repeatedly being forced (by EVIDENCE) to change her mind: "Robert shattered my preconceptions" (pg 23); results were "contrary to my hypothesis" (pg 17); "I didn't anticipate" certain responses (pg 147); and, "I started out on this research project agreeing with [Sagan]-but today I respectfully disagree" (pg 150).

Clancy also disclosed her academic naivete (pg 15) and her self-perceived failings as a scientist: "I realize that my initial response...was not only immature and unprofessional but profoundly unscientific" (pg 148). She openly reported her astonishment with her own hypnosis (pg 64), false memories (pg 69), and sleep paralysis (pg 49). It's clearly not from fear or lack of intellectual integrity that Clancy is not a believer.

Even if you don't believe her conclusions, I think we can all agree that Clancy's book is an accessible, well-documented, and plausible understanding of alien abductions.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen ABDUCTED IS EXCELLENT EXPLANATION OF A TROUBLING PHENOMENON 17. September 2013
Von Susan Love Brown - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
Susan A. Clancy provides an excellent explanation for the alien abduction phenomenon, and she manages to do so in a conversational tone that makes this an easy and informative read. This subject is not to be taken lightly, and Clancy takes her subject and her subjects seriously and treats both with respect. I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book and would recommend it highly to anyone interested in the complexities of the human mind. Totally worthwhile!
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2.0 von 5 Sternen Insufficient research, poorly written (refering to both style and the blatant grammatical and spelling errors...) 23. Februar 2007
Von C. Guthrie - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Susan Clancy's Abducted: How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens explores exactly what the title states; however, not in any depth required of a serious scientific study. Clancy does an insufficient amount of research, writes six chapters stating what she could have easily stated in one, and proceeds to insult her readers in assuming they are unable to perform the simplest of deductions.

Clancy began her research of "abductees" by placing ads in newspapers reading, "Have you been abducted by aliens?" Surely, a study of this nature being conducted at Harvard should be approached with more caution. Any sane person would assume that the ad is some kind of joke, or even an experiment conducted by an "abductee" herself. The wording alone would only attract strange people, which would then further the assumption that anyone claiming to have been abducted is not normal, or sane for that matter. In order to be taken seriously, Clancy should have chosen more appropriate wording to get her point across. After reading the footnote, I found that Clancy had actually been requested to change the wording in the ads to something more professional. So far, Clancy is off to a very rough start.

During her research, Clancy makes it a point to consider each "abductee's" story as a serious matter. She believes these stories must be taken seriously in order to properly approach the issues of how and why people believe that they have been abducted by aliens. Clancy's research consists of many interviews with many different types of people; however, for something Clancy takes so seriously, that is an insufficient amount of research. She never searches for hard evidence, or even asks for it. She makes no visits to their homes to see what kind of environment they live in, among other things. Any conclusion drawn solely on the accounts of people who are "out there" to begin with is nonsense. From this moment on, it is nearly impossible to take any of Clancy's deductions seriously.

The first chapter of the book is called "How do you wind up studying aliens?" I highly doubt that anyone who buys a book titled Abducted is hoping to get twenty pages on how the author stumbled upon such a topic. I read the book to learn about Clancy's research and conclusions, not to learn how she got into such a field. Each chapter thereafter says practically the exact same thing, with exception to some of the explanations that Clancy gives for rare varying abduction stories. She is excruciatingly repetitive in stating that their experiences must be from sleep paralysis, hypnotism, or simply having watched too much TV. Clancy spends a great deal of the book recalling a countless number of abduction stories that, by the third chapter, seem to all generally be the same. The only time the book is of any interest is when she finally gets to her point and tells the reader what has, for no reason at all, taken her so long to say. An example of this would be chapter three in its entirety, where the point is that hypnosis could distort and alter memory. I highly doubt that she needed an entire chapter to get that idea across.

Which brings me to my next point. Clancy, throughout the book, proceeds to insult her readers in assuming they are unable to perform the simplest of deductions. She even seems to assume that her readers do not even know the most basic of scientific terms. I am only twenty-one and reading my first book on alien abductions, and even I know every single term she so explicitly explained eight times each. Clancy will clearly explain, step by step, how she deduced from an abduction story that the "abductee" must have been experiencing sleep paralysis, which after hearing the definition so many times, I, along with the majority of her readers, could have done in my sleep. It seems as though Clancy wrote her book with an incompetent audience in mind. Her writing makes Carl Sagan's writing look like Latin!

Overall, I would not recommend this book. I was bored the entire way through which is quite terrible considering the book's length. Most of what I learned from reading Clancy's Abductions: How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens I could have learned from a five minute conversation with my high school science teacher. Clancy not only does insufficient research, causing her conclusions to be nonsense, but she repeats the same ideas over and over as if she has nothing else to say. She spends the majority of the book explaining terms and pointing out the most obvious of deductions, which I find rather insulting. Of course, the icing on the cake is the two blatant errors, one spelling and one grammatical, made in the writing, which ironically enough, is the only part of the book I actually enjoyed.
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